Navidad Bank

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Navidad Bank
Banco de la Navidad
Submerged bank
Navidad BankBanco de la Navidad is located in the Dominican Republic
Navidad BankBanco de la Navidad
Navidad Bank
Banco de la Navidad
Coordinates: 20°01′N 68°51′W / 20.017°N 68.850°W / 20.017; -68.850Coordinates: 20°01′N 68°51′W / 20.017°N 68.850°W / 20.017; -68.850
Country Dominican Republic
Area
 • Total 650 km2 (250 sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Spanish
Time zone Eastern Caribbean Time Zone (UTC−04:00)
Navidad Bank in the lower right corner of an 1873 map of the Bahamas.

Navidad Bank (Spanish: Banco de la Navidad)[1] is a submerged bank in the Atlantic Ocean north of the Dominican Republic and southeast of the Territory of Turks & Caicos. It is separated from Silver Bank by the wide Navidad Bank Passage.

Geography[edit]

The bank is a shallow underwater area composed of coral and sand that almost reaches the ocean's surface, but is wholly submerged. It covers an area of 650 km2 (251 sq mi). At low tide, a few small locations appear awash at the water's surface. General depths are less than 36.6 metres (120.1 feet). There is a least known depth of 12.8 metres (42.0 feet) located on the east side of the north end of the bank. It is not suitable for boating navigation of any kind, except by small craft, whose operators must be extremely careful. From the earliest colonial times, the Navidad Bank has been the scene of various shipwrecks.

This area is considered part of the Dominican Republic. A Dominican presidential decree on July 5, 1996, included the area as part of the Sanctuary for the Marine Mammals of the Dominican Republic.[2]

The Navidad Bank has a wealth of corals and is a safe haven for marine mammals, including the humpback whale. The humpback whales have long used the Bank as a breeding and calving ground.

As such, tourism focuses on tours to view the whales and other sea life. The Bank is visited by scuba divers.

Just to the northwest is the Silver Bank (Spanish: Banco de la Plata), also under the jurisdiction of the Dominican Republic.

The Navidad Bank, the Silver Bank, as well as the Mouchoir Bank further northwest, plus the Turks and Caicos Islands, are geographically considered a continuation of Lucayan Archipelago.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Áreas protegidas de la República Dominicana - Santuario de los Bancos de la Plata y de la Navidad
  2. ^ Reserva Cientifica Santuario de Mamiferos Marinos Bancos Bancos de la Plata y Navidad
  3. ^ Carew, James; Mylroie, John (1997). Vacher, H.L.; Quinn, T., eds. Geology of Bahamas, in Geology and Hydrology of Carbonate Islands, Developments in Sedimentology 54. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B.V. pp. 91–139. ISBN 9780444516442. 

External links[edit]