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The rivers Neckar and Sulm join there, hence the name, which is often misunderstood or mispronounced as "Neckars Ulm", an incongruity that would mean the Ulm of the Neckar, as the city of Ulm is well to the east on the Danube at the border between Baden-Wuerttemburg and Bavaria.
Neckarsulm is famous for being ranked first in the German Solarbundesliga (cities beginning at 10,000 inhabitants), a competition in renewable energy installations. Its other fame is that the Neckarsulm-Gundelsheim Weingaertnergenossenschaft (vintner's co-operative) is reputed to be the oldest in Germany; trollinger and lemberger are the principal varieties of grape that are grown.
Schwarz Gruppe, owner of Lidl and Kaufland – the largest European grocerer —has its head office in Neckarsulm. The city was the home of the car manufacturer NSU which was taken over by Volkswagen in 1969 and merged with Auto Union to create Audi as it is known today. The former NSU factory is now one of Audi's two principal assembly plants in Germany (the other is located in Ingolstadt, Bavaria) – and manufactures the company's larger, high end models such as the Audi A6, A7, and A8, the latter is made in the Audi Aluminium Plant, and Audi's performance subsidiary quattro GmbH (which manufactures the R8 is also located here. The NSU logo on early vehicles stands for the city name Neckarsulm.
1894: Franz Joseph Maucher (1826–1910) was 35 years chaplain and parish priest in Neckarsulm.
1911: Gottlob Banzhaf (1858–1930) was Kommerzienrat and after the death of his brother Christian Schmidt first director the Neckarsulmer Strickmaschinenfabrik AG from 1884 to 1910.
1930: Ernst Josef Bauer (1881 † in Ludwigsburg) was a teacher and successful author of the home game "Peter Heinrich Merkle, the Löwenwirt of Neckarsulm".
1933: Christian Mergenthaler (1884–1980), NSDAP politician, Prime Minister from 1933 to 1945 of Württemberg. On 27 July 1933 the Neckarsulm council awarded him honorary citizenship. On 28 August 1945, it was deprived him again
1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949) was about 30 years with interruption mayor.
2004: Kurt Bauer (born 1934) was 36 years city council, deputy mayor, SPD parliamentary leader, chairman of the SPD local association.
2008: Volker Blust (born 1944) was from 1976 head of the main and personnel office and was elected in 1992 Mayor of Neckarsulm.
Wilhelm Ganzhorn (born 1818 in Böblingen, † 1880 in Bad Cannstatt) was in Neckarsulm 1859–1878 senior judge. Ganzhorn was a poet, and was known as the author of the text for the song "In the loveliest meadow" (Im schönsten Wiesengrunde).
Ganzhorn plaque in Neckarsulm
Albert Roder (born 1896 in Nuremberg; † 1970 in Heilbronn) was an engineer, who became known for the construction of motorcycles. He was from 1946 to 1961 chief designer at NSU.
Klaus Zwickel (born 1939 in Heilbronn), German unions functionary and former Chairman of IG Metall. From 1968 to 1983 he was first secretary of the IG-Metall Headquarter Neckarsulm.
^Wilson, Hugo (1995). "The Directory of Motorcycles". The Encyclopedia of the Motorcycle. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 245. ISBN0-7513-0206-6. Around 1890 Neckarsulm Strickmaschinen – "knitting machine" – Union began making bicycles.
^Anton Heyler: Neckarsulm im Auf und Ab eines halben Jahrhunderts. (s. Literatur), pp. 58 and 92.