Neckarsulm

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Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm Rathaus01.JPG
Coat of arms of Neckarsulm
Coat of arms
Neckarsulm   is located in Germany
Neckarsulm
Neckarsulm
Coordinates: 49°11′30.1″N 9°13′28.4″E / 49.191694°N 9.224556°E / 49.191694; 9.224556Coordinates: 49°11′30.1″N 9°13′28.4″E / 49.191694°N 9.224556°E / 49.191694; 9.224556
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Heilbronn
Government
 • Mayor Joachim Scholz (2008)
Area
 • Total 24.94 km2 (9.63 sq mi)
Elevation 162 m (531 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 26,304
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 74172
Dialling codes 07132
Vehicle registration HN
Website Neckarsulm.de

Neckarsulm (German pronunciation: [nɛkarˈzʊlm]) is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany, near Stuttgart, and part of the district of Heilbronn. As of 2004, Neckarsulm had 27,296 inhabitants.

The rivers Neckar and Sulm join there, hence the name, which is often misunderstood or mispronounced as "Neckars Ulm", an incongruity that would mean the Ulm of the Neckar, as the city of Ulm is well to the east on the Danube at the border between Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria.

Neckarsulm is famous for being ranked first in the German Solarbundesliga (cities beginning at 10,000 inhabitants), a competition in renewable energy installations. Its other fame is that the Neckarsulm-Gundelsheim Weingaertnergenossenschaft (vintner's co-operative) is reputed to be the oldest in Germany; trollinger and lemberger are the principal varieties of grape that are grown.

Buildings and constructions[edit]

Mayors and (since 1973) Lord Mayors[edit]

  • 1845–1865: Franz Josef Alexander Heinrich Becker
  • 1865–1878: Josef Pecoroni
  • 1878–1885: Johann Nepomuk Kirner
  • 1885–1911: Bernhard Rettenmeier
  • 1911–1913: Heinrich Soller
  • 1913–1941: Johannes Häußler
  • 1942–1945: Oskar Volk
  • 1945–1946: Hermann Greiner
  • 1946–1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949)
  • 1949–1955: Erwin Wörner
  • 1955–1967: Hans Hoffmann (1915–2005)
  • 1967–1992: Erhard Klotz (born 1938)
  • 1992–2008: Volker Blust
  • 2008–2016: Joachim Scholz [2]
  • since 2016: Steffen Hertwig

Population development[edit]

The numbers are estimates, census results (¹) or data from statistical offices.

Year Inhabitants
1527 ca. 1000
1635 ca. 1400
1756 1544
1810 2050
1849 2576
1. December 1871 2576
1. December 1880 ¹ 2845
1. December 1890 ¹ 3011
1. December 1900 ¹ 3707
1. December 1910 ¹ 5170
16. June 1925 ¹ 6692
16. June 1933 ¹ 7035
Year Inhabitants
17. May 1939 ¹ 8593
December 1945 7559
13. September 1950 ¹ 9319
6. June 1961 ¹ ² 15.299
27. May 1970 ¹ 18.517
31. December 1975 20.112
31. December 1980 21.871
27. May 1987 ¹ 21.534
31. December 1990 22.690
31. December 1995 25.788
31. December 2000 27.408
Year Inhabitants
31. December 2002 27.425
31. December 2004 27.296
31. December 2006 27.246
31. December 2008 26.828
31. December 2010 26.511
31. December 2012 25.754
31. December 2014 25.798
31. December 2015 26.304
31. August 2016 26.749

¹ Census results

² The population increase between 1950 and 1961 comes from the new district Neckarsulm-Amorbach. In this place lived in 1955 around 3.00 people.[3]

Economy[edit]

Schwarz Gruppe, owner of Lidl and Kaufland – the largest European grocerer —has its head office in Neckarsulm.[4] The city was the home of the car manufacturer NSU which was taken over by Volkswagen in 1969 and merged with Auto Union to create Audi as it is known today. The former NSU factory is now one of Audi's two principal assembly plants in Germany (the other is located in Ingolstadt, Bavaria) – and manufactures the company's larger, high end models such as the Audi A6, A7, and A8, the latter is made in the Audi Aluminium Plant, and Audi's performance subsidiary quattro GmbH (which manufactures the R8 is also located here. The NSU logo on early vehicles stands for the city name Neckarsulm.[5]

[6]

Personality[edit]

Freemen[edit]

  • 1894: Franz Joseph Maucher (1826–1910) was 35  years chaplain and parish priest in Neckarsulm.
  • 1911: Gottlob Banzhaf (1858–1930) was Kommerzienrat and after the death of his brother Christian Schmidt first director the Neckarsulmer Strickmaschinenfabrik AG from 1884 to 1910.
  • 1930: Ernst Josef Bauer (1881 † in Ludwigsburg) was a teacher and successful author of the home game "Peter Heinrich Merkle, the Löwenwirt of Neckarsulm".
  • 1933: Christian Mergenthaler (1884–1980), NSDAP politician, Prime Minister from 1933 to 1945 of Württemberg. On 27 July 1933 the Neckarsulm council awarded him honorary citizenship. On 28 August 1945, it was deprived him again[7]
  • 1949: Johannes Häußler (1879–1949) was about 30  years with interruption mayor.
  • 2004: Kurt Bauer (born 1934) was 36  years city council, deputy mayor, SPD parliamentary leader, chairman of the SPD local association.
  • 2008: Volker Blust (born 1944) was from 1976 head of the main and personnel office and was elected in 1992 Mayor of Neckarsulm.

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

Simon Molitor portrait
August Herold memorial plate in the wine yards
  • 1902, 7 August, August Herold, † 8 January 1973 by Neckarsulm; vine growers

Other people connected to the city[edit]

  • Wilhelm Ganzhorn (born 1818 in Böblingen, † 1880 in Bad Cannstatt) was in Neckarsulm 1859–1878 senior judge. Ganzhorn was a poet, and was known as the author of the text for the song "In the loveliest meadow" (Im schönsten Wiesengrunde).
Ganzhorn plaque in Neckarsulm

Sister Cities[edit]

City Country Year
Carmaux France France
Bordighera Italy Italy
Grenchen Switzerland Switzerland
Zschopau Germany Germany
Budakeszi Hungary Hungary

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Andreas Bracht: OB Joachim Scholz wird in sein Amt eingesetzt. Presse-Information der Stadt Neckarsulm vom 27. Oktober 2008.
  3. ^ Bernd Friedel: 50 Jahre Amorbach. Neckarsulm 2005, pp. 6–16.
  4. ^ "Impressum." Lidl. Retrieved on 28 September 2012. "Adresse: Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG Stiftsbergstraße 1 74167 Neckarsulm "
  5. ^ "Die NSU-Firmengeschichte". Retrieved 2016-01-01. 
  6. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1995). "The Directory of Motorcycles". The Encyclopedia of the Motorcycle. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 245. ISBN 0-7513-0206-6. Around 1890 Neckarsulm Strickmaschinen – "knitting machine" – Union began making bicycles. 
  7. ^ Anton Heyler: Neckarsulm im Auf und Ab eines halben Jahrhunderts. (s. Literatur), pp. 58 and 92.

External links[edit]