Nelson W. Polsby
Nelson Woolf Polsby
|Died||February 6, 2007 (aged 72)|
|Alma mater||Johns Hopkins University, Yale University, Brown University|
|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley|
Nelson Woolf Polsby (October 25, 1934 – February 6, 2007) was an American political scientist. He specialized in the study of the United States presidency, the United States Congress and how governmental policies and practices evolve.
Polsby was the Heller Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. He was the editor of the American Political Science Review from 1971–77 and the founding editor of the Annual Review of Political Science from 1998 until his death in 2007.
Polsby was born in Norwich, Connecticut. He attended Pomfret School. a private school in Pomfret, Connecticut. His family also spent time in Washington, D.C., where Polsby would sit and observe sessions of Congress. Polsby became interested in public opinion and its influence on elections as Joseph R. McCarthy became more powerful in Washington in the 1940s and early 1950s.
Polsby earned his undergraduate degree from Johns Hopkins University in 1956 and a master's degree from Brown University in 1957. He then joined Yale University, where he studied with Robert Dahl. Fellow students included Raymond Wolfinger and Aaron Wildavsky. He earned a master's and a doctoral degree from Yale in 1958 and 1961. Polsby later sat on Yale's University Council (1978-2000) and was its president from 1986-1993.
Polsby taught at the University of Wisconsin–Madison (1960-61) and Wesleyan University (1961-1968) before moving to the University of California, Berkeley in 1967; from 1988 to 1999, he was director of Berkeley's Institute of Governmental Studies (IGS). He was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the National Academy of Public Administration.
During the 1960s Polsby did extensive field work and examined the "human nature" of Congress and the historical implications of recurrent calls for change on the institution. He was one of several influential political scientists who changed the field. His paper "The Institutionalization of the U.S. House of Representatives" (1968) was considered "one of the 20 most influential articles published in the American Political Science Review."
Polsby was the author of numerous articles on American politics, both papers for academic journals and political commentary for newspapers and magazines. He sometimes wrote under the pseudonym Arthur Clun. He wrote or edited more than 20 books, including Political Innovation in America (1984), Congress and the Presidency (1986), and How Congress Evolves (2004). In 1997, he was commissioned by the non-partisan Twentieth Century Fund to write The New Federalist Papers: Essays in Defense of the Constitution, with Alan Brinkley and Kathleen M. Sullivan. In addition to his work on American politics, he cowrote British Government and its Discontents' (1981) with Geoffrey Peter Smith.
Polsby often used humor to make his political writing more accessible and was frequently quoted by reporters. He is credited with reshaping both academic understanding and public awareness of governmental institutions.
- 1985, Wilbur Cross Medal, Yale University
- 2003, Frank Goodnow Award for distinguished service, American Political Science Association (APSA)
- Honorary degree, University of Liverpool
- Honorary degree, Oxford University
- Polsby, Nelson Woolf (1963). Community power and political theory. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300008326.
- Polsby, Nelson W. (1983). Consequences of party reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195033151.
- Polsby, Nelson W. (1984). Political innovation in America : the politics of policy initiation. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300030891.
- Polsby, Nelson W. (1986). Congress and the presidency (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0131677195.
- Brinkley, Alan; Polsby, Nelson W.; Sullivan, Kathleen M. (1997). New Federalist papers : essays in defense of the Constitution. New York: Norton. ISBN 978-0393317374.
- Bernstein, Adam (February 8, 2007). "Nelson W. Polsby, 72". The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- Utter, Glenn H.; Lockhart, Charles (2002). American political scientists : a dictionary (2nd ed.). Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 319–321. ISBN 9780313319570.
- Cain, Bruce E. (July 2007). "Nelson Polsby". PS: Political Science & Politics. 40 (3): 597–599. doi:10.1017/S1049096507260895. ISSN 1537-5935. S2CID 233337758. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "In Memoriam Nelson W. Polsby Professor of Political Science UC Berkeley 1934 – 2007". University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- Polsby, Nelson W. (1998). "Preface by Nelson W. Polsby". Annual Review of Political Science. 1. doi:10.1146/annurev.pl.1.010198.100001.
- Levi, Margaret (June 2007). "Nelson W. Polsby (1934–2007)". Annual Review of Political Science. 10 (1). doi:10.1146/annurev.pl.10.041807.100001. ISSN 1094-2939.
- Kreisler, Harry (September 4, 2002). "Institutional Change in the U.S. Congress: Conversation with Nelson W. Polsby, Heller Professor of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley". Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "POLSBY, Nelson W(oolf) 1934-". Contemporary authors new revision ser vol 05 a bio-bibliographical guide to current writers in fiction, general nonfiction, poetry, journalism, drama, motion pictures, television. New Revision Series. Vol. 5. Gale Research Co. 1982. p. 425. ISBN 9780810319349.
- "In Memoriam: Nelson Polsby Former president of the University Council". Yale Bulletin and Calendar. Vol. 35, no. 13. February 16, 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "Polsby, Nelson W. 1934–2007". Encyclopedia.com.
- Gilmore, Janet (7 February 2007). "Nelson Polsby, distinguished scholar of American politics, dies at 72". UCBerkeley News. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- Martin, Douglas (9 February 2007). "Nelson W. Polsby, 72, Author and a Scholar of Politics, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "Nelson Woolf Polsby". Find-A-Grave. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "List of Past Wilbur Cross Recipients". Yale University. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
- "Professor Nelson Polsby American political scientist who became director of the Institute of Government Studies at Berkeley". The Times (London). February 8, 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2021.