1971 New Jersey State Senate election

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New Jersey State Senate Elections, 1971

← 1967 November 2, 1971 1973 →

40 of the 40 seats in the New Jersey State Senate
21 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Raymond Bateman J. Edward Crabiel
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Eighth District Seventh District
Last election 31 seats 9 seats
Seats won 24 16
Seat change Decrease 7 Increase 7

Senate President before election

Raymond Bateman[1]
Republican

Elected Senate President

Raymond Bateman
Republican

The 1971 New Jersey State Senate Elections was the mid-term election of Republican William Cahill's term as Governor of New Jersey. Democrats picked up nine Senate seats. Sixteen incumbents did not seek re-election.

History[edit]

Legislative districts were redrawn by a 10-member bi-partisan Legislative Apportionment Commission to reflect population changes following the 1970 U.S. Census. Senators generally (with some exceptions) ran At-Large countywide. The most significant changes occurred with the shift of seats from Essex and Hudson counties to Burlington, Monmouth and Ocean counties, which experienced a growth in population.

The new districts were divided as follows:

District Geographical Area Number of Senators
First District Cape May and Cumberland 1 Senator
Second District Atlantic 1 Senator
Third District, 3A Salem and Part of Gloucester 1 Senator
Third District, 3B Part of Gloucester and Part of Camden 1 Senator
Third District, 3C Part of Camden 1 Senator
Fourth District 4A Part of Ocean 1 Senator
Fourth District, 4B Part of Burlington and Part of Ocean 1 Senator
Fourth District, 4C Part of Burlington 1 Senator
Fifth District Monmouth 3 Senators
Sixth District, 6A Part of Hunterdon, Part of Mercer 1 Senator
Sixth District, 6B Part of Mercer 1 Senator
Seventh District Middlesex 3 Senators
Eighth District Somerset 1 Senator
Ninth District Union 3 Senators
Tenth District Morris 2 Senators
Eleventh District Essex 5 Senators
Twelfth District Hudson 3 Senators
Thirteenth District Bergen 5 Senators
Fourteenth District Passaic 3 Senators
Fifteenth District Warren and Sussex 1 Senator

Until 1965, the New Jersey State Senate was composed of 21 Senators, with each county electing one Senator. After the U.S. Supreme Court, in Reynolds v. Sims (more commonly known as One Man, One Vote), required redistricting by state legislatures for congressional districts to keep represented populations equal, as well as requiring both houses of state legislatures to have districts drawn that contained roughly equal populations, and to perform redistricting when needed.[2] In 1965, the Senate was increased from 21 members to 29 members, and larger counties were given more than one seat, and some smaller counties shared one or two Senators. The map was changed again in 1967, and again in 1971, as the state adjusted to the one man, one vote ruling.

Incumbents Who Lost Re-election[edit]

Two incumbent Republican Senators were defeated for re-election:[3]

One incumbent Republican Senator who was denied party support for another term ran in the General Election as Independent candidates and was defeated; Republicans held this seat:[4]

No incumbent Democratic Senators were defeated for re-election.

Open Seats[edit]

Thirteen incumbent Republican Senators did not seek re-election in 1971, and Democrats won six of those seats:[5]

  • First District: Robert E. Kay (R-Cape May), succeeded by Republican James Cafiero, an Assemblyman from Cape May County.
  • Third District, 3A: John L. White (R-Gloucester), succeeded by Republican James Turner, a former Gloucester County Freeholder.
  • Third District, 3B: Hugh A. Kelly (R-Camden), succeeded by Democrat Joseph Maressa, an attorney from Gloucester County.
  • Fourth District 4A: William Hiering (R-Ocean), succeeded by Republican John F. Brown, an Assemblyman from Ocean County.
  • Tenth District: Majority Leader Harry L. Sears (R-Morris, succeeded by Republican Peter W. Thomas, the Morris County Republican Chairman.
  • Eleventh District: Geraldo Del Tufo (R-Essex), succeeded by Democrat Wynona Lipman, an Essex County Freeholder. (Del Tufo instead ran successfully for the Essex County Board of Freeholders. Lipman became the first Black woman to serve in the State Senate.)
  • Eleventh District: David W. Dowd (R-Essex), succeeded by Democrat Frank J. Dodd, an Assemblyman from Essex County.
  • Eleventh District: Alexander Matturri (R-Essex). The Matturi seat was eliminated in redistricting and the Fifth District in Monmouth County gained a seat. Matturi was effectively succeeded by Republican Joseph Azzolina, an Assemblyman from Monmouth County.
  • Twelfth District: Frank Joseph Guarini (D-Hudson). The Guarini seat was eliminated in redistricting and the Fourth District, 4C in Burlington County gained a seat. Guarini was effectively succeeded by Democrat Edward J. Hughes, an industrialist and engineer from Burlington County.
  • Thirteenth District: Fairleigh Dickinson, Jr. (R-Bergen), succeeded by Republican Frederick Wendel, the Mayor of Oradell.
  • Fourteenth District: Frank Sciro (R-Passaic), succeeded by Democrat Joseph Lazzara, a Passaic County Freeholder.
  • Fourteenth District: Ira Schoem (R-Passaic), succeeded by Democrat William J. Bate, a Passaic County Freeholder.
  • Fourteenth District: Edward Sisco (R-Passaic), succeeded by Democrat Joseph Hirkala, an Assemblyman and the Passaic City Clerk.

One incumbent Republican Senator was elected to Congress in 1970 and resigned his State Senate seats in January 1971 to take their seats in the U.S. House of Representatives:[6]

  • Fourth District, 4B: Edwin B. Forsythe (R-Burlington), succeeded by Republican Assembly Speaker Barry T. Parker.

One incumbent Republican Senator resigned in 1970 to become a Judge. His seat was won in a November 1971 Special Election by a Democrat, but Republicans held the seat in the November 1971 General Election for a full term:

One incumbent Democratic Senator was defeated for renomination in the June primary and Democrats held that seat:

Two incumbent Democratic Senators did not seek re-election in 1971. Democrats won one seat and Republicans won one seat:[8]

  • Sixth District, 6A: Richard J. Coffee (D-Mercer), succeeded by Republican William Schluter, an Assemblyman from Mercer County. (Coffee was elected At-Large in 1967; Schluter won the 6A seat, which now included all of Hunterdon and part of Mercer.)
  • Sixth District, 6B: Sido L. Ridolfi (D-Mercer), succeeded by Democrat Joseph P. Merlino, the Trenton City Attorney. (Ridolfiwas elected At-Large in 1967; Merlino won the 6B seat in 1971.)

Incumbents who were reelected[edit]

Five incumbent Democratic Senators were re-elected in 1971:[9]

Fourteen incumbent Republican Senators were re-elected in 1971:[10]

Leadership[edit]

Republicans chose Raymond Bateman as the Senate President and Alfred Beadleston as Majority Leader; Republicans named J. Edward Crabiel as Minority Leader.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sullivan, Ronald (24 March 1971). "Hudson and Essex Losing Seats in Jersey's Senate". New York Times.
  2. ^ "JERSEY ORDERED TO REAPPORTION; Judge Finds Congressional Districts Unconstitutional". New York Times. 21 May 1965.
  3. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  4. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  5. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns" (PDF).
  8. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  9. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Results of the General Election" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. State of New Jersey. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  11. ^ Fitzgerald's New Jersey Legislative Manual. Joseph J. Gribbons. 1972.