New Labour, New Life for Britain
New Labour, New Life For Britain was a political manifesto published in 1996 by the British Labour Party. The party had recently rebranded itself as New Labour under Tony Blair. The manifesto set out the party's new "Third Way" centrist approach to policy, with subsequent success at the 1997 general election.
The 1997 general election produced the biggest Labour majority in the history of the party's existence. They won 418 seats, with a majority of 179. They delivered on the main aims of the manifesto including introducing a minimum wage, increasing National Health Service (NHS) spending and reducing class sizes in schools.
The Conservatives' rule was over after eighteen years; under the leadership of John Major they suffered their worst defeat since the 1906 general election, losing 178 seats, including the unseating of seven Conservative Cabinet Ministers and the loss of all their Scottish and Welsh representation; becoming the official opposition with 165 seats. This election was the start of a Labour government following an 18-year spell in opposition and continued with another landslide victory in 2001 and a third consecutive victory in 2005. In 2010, they became the official opposition with 258 seats. The new Leader of the Labour Party, Ed Miliband, completely abandoned the New Labour branding in 2010 after being elected, moving the party's political stance slightly further to the left. He resigned as leader in 2015 after a second election defeat, despite increasing Labour's support by about 1.5%; Jeremy Corbyn, a hard leftist, won the leadership of the party at the September 2015 Labour Leadership election, which has been called the "death" of New Labour and the Blair era.
During the 1997 campaign, a pledge card with five specific pledges was issued and detailed in the manifesto too. The pledges were:
- Cut class sizes to 30 or under for 5, 6 and 7-year-olds by using money from the assisted places scheme.
- Fast-track punishment for persistent young offenders by halving the time from arrest to sentencing.
- Cut NHS waiting lists by treating an extra 100,000 patients as a first step by releasing £100,000,000 saved from NHS red tape.
- Get 250,000 under-25s off benefits and into work by using money from a windfall levy on the privatised utilities.
- No rise in income tax rates, cut VAT on heating to 5% and inflation and interest rates as low as possible.
- Our Society, Your Life
- Individual Learning Accounts
- Freedom of Information Act 2000
- Human Rights Act 1998
- National Minimum Wage Act 1998
- Regional development agencies
- UK Trident programme (retaining)
- Windfall Tax (United Kingdom)
- Total ban on the use of landmines
- new Labour because Britain deserves better - Political Science Resources. Access date: 10 July 2012.
- 1997: Labour landslide ends Tory rule - BBC News. Last updated: 15 April 2005, Access date: 10 July 2012.
- Ed Miliband ditches New Labour - The Mirror. Published: 15 February 2012, Access date: 10 July 2012.