New York House of Refuge
The New York House of Refuge was the first youth detention center in the United States. The reformatory was opened in 1824 on the Bowery in Manhattan, New York City, destroyed by a fire in 1839, and relocated first to Twenty-Third Street and then, in 1854, to Randalls Island.
The concept of a youth detention center came from Cadwallader Colden, John Griscom, Thomas Eddy, and Stephen Allen with the Society for the Prevention of Pauperism. In 1820 the society surveyed United States prisons and issued a report in 1824. The report called for the creation of a reformatory for juveniles to segregate them from adult prisoners.
- "New York House of Refuge". New York State Archives. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
The New York House of Refuge was the first juvenile reformatory in the nation. ...
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