Nicholas R. Cozzarelli

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Nicholas Cozzarelli
Born
Nicholas Robert Cozzarelli

(1938-03-26)March 26, 1938
Jersey City, New Jersey
DiedMarch 19, 2006(2006-03-19) (aged 67)
NationalityAmerican
Alma materPrinceton University
Harvard Medical School
Known forDiscovery of topoisomerases
Spouse(s)Linda Cozzarelli
AwardsMember of the National Academy of Sciences (1989)
Scientific career
FieldsBiochemistry
InstitutionsUniversity of Chicago
University of California, Berkeley
ThesisThe L-L-Glycerophosphate Regulon in Escherichia coli (1966)
Academic advisorsArthur Kornberg
Doctoral studentsPatrick O. Brown, Mark Krasnow

Nicholas Robert Cozzarelli (March 26, 1938, in Jersey City, New Jersey – March 19, 2006) was an American biochemist at the University of California, Berkeley,[1] and former editor-in-chief of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Education[edit]

Cozzarelli attended Princeton University graduated with an A.B. in biology in 1960. He started graduate training at Harvard Medical School advised by E. C. C. Lin and earned a PhD in biochemistry in 1966.[2]

Career and research[edit]

Cozzarelli was appointed a postdoctoral researcher with Arthur Kornberg and purified the T4-phage DNA ligase.[3] From 1968 to 1982, Cozzarelli was a professor at the University of Chicago where he studied topoisomerases. In 1982 he joined the faculty at University of California, Berkeley. In 1995, Cozzarelli was named as the editor-in-chief of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and served in this role from 1995 to 2006.[4] He took the position because he felt that the journal had great unrealized potential.[5] During his tenure, he expanded the editorial board from 26 to more than 140 and created a second track to allow scientists who were not members of the National Academy of Sciences to submit manuscripts directly.

DNA[edit]

Francis Crick wrote in his book What Mad Pursuit:

At about this time, Bill Pohl, a pure mathematician, got into the act. He pointed out, quite correctly, that unless something very special happened, the most likely result of replicating a piece of circular DNA would be two interlocked daughter circles rather than two separate ones. From this he deduced that the DNA chains could not be intertwined, as we had suggested, but had to lie side by side. I corresponded at some length with him as well as talking with him on the phone. Later on he paid me a visit. He had become very well informed about experimental details and persisted strongly in his view. I told him in a letter that if nature did occasionally produce two interlocked circles, a special mechanism would have been evolved to unlink them. I believe he thought this was an outrageous example of special pleading and was not at all convinced by it. It turned out, some years later, that this is exactly what does happen. Nick Cozzarelli and his co-workers showed that a special enzyme, called topoisomerase II, can cut both strands of a piece of DNA, pass another piece of DNA between the two ends, and then join the broken ends together again. It can thus unlink two linked DNA circles, and can even, at high enough concentrations of DNA, produce linked circles of DNA from separate ones.[6]

Awards and honors[edit]

Cozzarelli was elected a Member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1989.[7] The Cozzarelli Prize is named in his honor.[8]

Death[edit]

Cozzarelli died on March 19, 2006, from the complications of treatment from Burkitt's lymphoma.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IN MEMORIAM: Nicholas R. Cozzarelli". Universityofcalifornia.edu. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  2. ^ Cozzarelli, Nicholas Robert (1996). The L-L-Glycerophosphate Regulon in Escherichia coli (PhD thesis). Harvard University. OCLC 76982917. ProQuest 302206095.
  3. ^ Nuzzo, R.; Zagorski, N. (2006). "In Memoriam: PNAS Editor-in-Chief Nicholas R. Cozzarelli (1938-2006)". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103 (16): 6078–6080. Bibcode:2006PNAS..103.6078N. doi:10.1073/pnas.0602531103. PMC 1458831. PMID 16595621.
  4. ^ Cozzarelli, N. R.; Fulton, K. R.; Sullenberger, D. M.; Coughlin, B. C. (2003). "Biographies of newly elected Academy members". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 100 (23): 13117. Bibcode:2003PNAS..10013117C. doi:10.1073/pnas.2536811100. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 263723. PMID 14597709.
  5. ^ "Nicholas R. Cozzarelli dies". Classic.the-scientist.com. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  6. ^ Crick, Francis (1988). What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery. New York: Basic Books. p. 72. ISBN 0-465-09137-7.
  7. ^ "Nicholas Cozzarelli". Nasonline.org. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  8. ^ "Cozzarelli Prize". Pnas.org. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
Preceded by PNAS editor-in-chief
1995-2006
Succeeded by