Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn
|Died||17 February 2012 (aged 93)|
|Alma mater||Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam|
De Bruijn factor
De Bruijn index
De Bruijn graph
De Bruijn notation
De Bruijn sequence
De Bruijn's theorem
De Bruijn torus
De Bruijn–Erdős theorem
De Bruijn–Erdős theorem (geometry)
de Bruijn–Newman constant
Dickman–de Bruijn function
Moser–de Bruijn sequence
|Institutions||Eindhoven University of Technology|
|Doctoral advisor||Jurjen Ferdinand Koksma|
|Doctoral students||Johannes Runnenburg|
Nicolaas Govert (Dick) de Bruijn (Dutch: [nikoːˈlaːs ˈxoːvərt də ˈbrœyn]; 9 July 1918 – 17 February 2012) was a Dutch mathematician, noted for his many contributions in the fields of analysis, number theory, combinatorics and logic.
De Bruijn was born in The Hague where he attended elementary school between 1924 and 1930 and secondary school until 1934. He started studies in mathematics at Leiden University in 1936 but his studies were interrupted by the outbreak of World War II in 1939. He became a full-time Assistant in the Department of Mathematics of the Technological University of Delft in September 1939 while continuing his studies. He completed his undergraduate studies at the University of Leiden in 1941. He received his PhD in 1943 from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam with a thesis entitled "Over modulaire vormen van meer veranderlijken" advised by Jurjen Ferdinand Koksma.
He married Elizabeth de Groot on 30 August 1944. The couple had four children: Jorina Aleida (born 19 January 1947), Frans Willem (born 13 April 1948), Elisabeth (born 24 November 1950), and Judith Elizabeth (born 31 March 1963).
De Bruijn started his academic career at the University of Amsterdam, where he was Professor of Mathematics from 1952 to 1960. In 1960 he moved to the Technical University Eindhoven where he was Professor of Mathematics until his retirement in 1984. Among his graduate students were Johannes Runnenburg (1960), Antonius Levelt (1961), S. Ackermans (1964), Jozef Beenakker (1966), W. van der Meiden (1967), Matheus Hautus (1970), Robert Nederpelt Lazarom (1973), Lambert van Benthem Jutting (1977), A. Janssen (1979), Diederik van Daalen (1980), and Harmannus Balsters (1986).
De Bruijn covered many areas of mathematics. He is especially noted for:
- the discovery of the De Bruijn sequence,
- discovering an algebraic theory of the Penrose tiling and, more generally, discovering the "projection" and "multigrid" methods for constructing quasi-periodic tilings,
- the De Bruijn–Newman constant,
- the De Bruijn–Erdős theorem, in graph theory,
- a different theorem of the same name: the De Bruijn–Erdős theorem, in incidence geometry,
- the BEST theorem in graph theory, and
- De Bruijn indices.
He wrote one of the standard books in advanced asymptotic analysis (De Bruijn, 1958).
In the late sixties, he designed the Automath language for representing mathematical proofs, so that they could be verified automatically (see automated theorem checking). Shortly before his death, he had been working on models for the human brain.
Books, a selection:
- 1943. Over modulaire vormen van meer veranderlijken
- 1958. Asymptotic Methods in Analysis, North-Holland, Amsterdam.
Articles, a selection:
- de Bruijn, Nicolaas Govert. "A combinatorial problem", 1946. In Proceedings of the Section of Sciences, Vol. 49, No. 7, pp. 758–764. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie v. Wetenschappen.
- de Bruijn, Nicolaas Govert. "The mathematical language AUTOMATH, its usage, and some of its extensions." Symposium on automatic demonstration. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1970.
- de Bruijn, Nicolaas Govert. "Lambda calculus notation with nameless dummies, a tool for automatic formula manipulation, with application to the Church-Rosser theorem." Indagationes Mathematicae (Proceedings). Vol. 75. No. 5. North-Holland, 1972.
- In isolation, Govert is pronounced [ˈɣoːvərt].
- Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn's obituary Archived 2013-04-25 at the Wayback Machine 2012
- MacTutor History of Mathematics archive: Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn. Archived 2013-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- "Nicolaas Govert de Bruijn (1918–2012)" (in Dutch). Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- de Bruijn, N.G. (1981). "Algebraic theory of Penrose's non-periodic tilings of the plane. I". Indagationes Mathematicae (Proceedings). 84: 39–52. doi:10.1016/1385-7258(81)90016-0.
- de Bruijn, N.G. (1981). "Algebraic theory of Penrose's non-periodic tilings of the plane. II". Indagationes Mathematicae (Proceedings). 84: 53–66. doi:10.1016/1385-7258(81)90017-2.