Nuenen, windmill: de Roosdonck
|North Brabant in the Netherlands|
|Municipality||Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten|
|Population (December 30 2009)||22,437|
Nuenen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈnynə(n)]) is a town in the municipality of Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten in the Netherlands. From 1883 to 1885, Vincent van Gogh lived and worked in Nuenen. In 1944, the town was a battle scene during Operation Market Garden. The local dialect is called Peellands. In 2009, Nuenen had a population of 22,437.
Nuenen is listed in the 1792 Gazeteer of the Netherlands, which lists it as "a village of Brabant, two leagues W. from Helmont".
World War 2
During Operation Market Garden on September 20, 1944, Nuenen was the scene of a battle involving the American 506th PIR of the 101st Airborne Division and the British 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars of the 11th Armoured Division equipped with Cromwell tanks, against the German 107th Panzer Brigade. The British lost two tanks, and four American and three British soldiers were killed. The Germans suffered two killed. The fight is dramatized in episode 4 "Replacements" of the television series Band of Brothers.
In 1882 Van Gogh's father became a pastor in Nuenen and the family lived at the vicarage at Nuenen. After a stay in Drenthe for several months, Van Gogh moved to live with his parents in December 1883 and stayed there until May 1885. Vincent van Gogh resided in Nuenen from 1883 to 1885. During that time he painted many character studies of peasants and weavers that culminated in The Potato Eaters, and paintings of still life. He also painted his father's church, vicarage and its garden, one such work being Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen (Het uitgaan van de hervormde kerk te Nuenen) depicting the church, which is situated in a park area on the corner of Papenvoort Street and Houtrijk Street in the north of Nuenen. This painting was stolen from the Van Gogh Museum in December 2002 and recovered in Italy in September 2016. There is a street named after it in the town, as well as a cafe, college and bar. A statue of Van Gogh is located in the central park of the town.
Theoretical physicist Edsger W. Dijkstra lived in Nuenen later in his life, and died there in 2002. The following year, the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) PODC Influential Paper Award in distributed computing was renamed the Dijkstra Prize in his honor.
The Vicarage at Nuenen, 1885, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (F182)
Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen, 1884, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (F25)
Episode Four of TV WWII Miniseries Band of Brothers is partly set in Nuenen.
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