Nikolai Borisovich Galitzine
Prince Nikolai Borisovich Galitzine (Russian: Николай Борисович Голицын, alternatively spelled Golitsyn; 8 December/19 December 1794 – 22 October/3 November 1866) was a Russian aristocrat, of the Galitzine family. He was an amateur musician, and is known particularly for his commissioning three string quartets — opp. 127, 130 and 132 — from Ludwig van Beethoven, which are among the composer's group of late string quartets. His parents were Boris Andreevich Golitsyn and his wife Ana, whilst one of his sisters was the philanthropist Tatiana Potemkina.
The prince had lived for a while in Vienna and knew the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. He played the cello; his wife was an accomplished pianist. He arranged piano works of Beethoven for string quartet and string quintet.
In November 1822 he commissioned Beethoven to write string quartets. He wrote in French from Saint Petersburg to the composer:
Being as passionate an amateur as an admirer of your talent, I am taking the liberty of writing to you to ask you if you would be willing to compose one, two or three new quartets. I shall be delighted to pay you for the trouble whatever amount you would deem adequate.
He had not written a string quartet since his Op. 95 in 1810. In 1823 he was occupied with writing his Ninth Symphony, and he began serious work on the quartets in 1824. The first of these, the String Quartet No. 12 in E flat major, Op. 127, was given its first performance by the Schuppanzigh Quartet in March 1825. The quartet later performed the other two works commissioned, the String Quartet No. 13 in B flat major, Op. 130 and String Quartet No. 15 in A minor, Op. 132.
Beethoven received the fee for the first quartet; although the prince acknowledged his debt for the other quartets, it was not paid in the composer's lifetime, the matter being finally settled with Beethoven's heirs in 1852.
Other associations with Beethoven
The prince was an intermediary in the sale of a copy of Beethoven's choral work Missa solemnis to the Russian court; it was through him that the first performance of the work took place in St Petersburg in April 1824.
- Geoffrey Norris, "Golitsïn [Galitzin], Prince Nikolay Borisovich," Oxford Music Online [Grove Music Online] accessed 13 July 2015. Russia was still using old style dates in the 19th century.
- Paul Nettl. "Galitzin, Prince Nikolaus Boris". Beethoven Encyclopedia. Philosophical Library, New York, 1956.
- The Late Quartets The Beethoven Quartet Companion, edited by Robert Winter, Robert Martin, accessed 10 May 2014.
- The early performers of the quartets of Beethoven Elias String Quartet: the Beethoven Project, accessed 10 April 2014.