Nikolay Antipov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nikolay K Antipov with Sergei Kirov, Joseph Stalin and Nikolay Shvernik

Nikolay Kirillovich Antipov (Russian: Николай Кириллович Антипов, December 15, 1894 – July 29, 1938) was a Soviet politician. He was appointed Member of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union and elected member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1924–1937) and candidate member of the Orgburo (1924–1925, 1928–1930). He was executed during the Great Purge.

Biography[edit]

Antipov was born on December 15 (3 O.S.), 1894 in the village of Lisichkino, Starorussky Uyezd, Novgorod Governorate, in the family of a peasant.[1][2]

After graduating from a technical school, Antipov worked as a locksmith in the factories of Saint Petersburg. In 1912 he joined the ranks of RSDLP (b). He was repeatedly arrested for participating in the activities organized by the party. In 1917, he was elected to the Petrograd Committee of RSDLP (b) and a deputy of the Petrograd Soviet, and in October 1917 to the Presidium of the Petrograd Central Council of factory committees.[3]

In August 1918, he was appointed to the post of Vice-President and then (January 1919) to the office of President of Petrograd Cheka, replacing Varvara Yakovleva.[4] In 1919, he was transferred to Kazan, serving as a secretary of the Kazan Governorate Communist Party Committee. In 1920, he was transferred to Moscow.[5] In 1923, he was appointed Secretary of the Moscow Committee of the Communist Party, and in 1925, the First Secretary of the Ural Regional Committee. In 1926, he was moved to the post of the Second Secretary of the Leningrad Regional Committee and Secretary of the Northwest Office of the Communist Party.

From January 16, 1928, to March 30, 1931, Antipov served as head of the People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the USSR.[6] In 1931, he was appointed to the position of Deputy addiction working-Peasant Inspectorate of the USSR.[7] He was also a member of the Bureau of the QCC mac (b). He was soon appointed to the post of Vice-Chairman of the Soviet Commission for the relinquishment of state control of the USSR.

On April 27, 1935, Antipov was appointed to the position of Chairman of the USSR Commission on Soviet Control and Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union. During the Great Purge, Antipov was arrested on June 21, 1937 and expelled from the Communist Party. On July 28, 1938, he was sentenced to death by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union and executed the next day.

On June 30, 1956, the decision of the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court was quashed, and Antipov was rehabilitated and restored to the ranks of the Communist Party.

Bibliography[edit]

  • State power of the USSR. The highest authorities and administrations and their leaders. 1923–1991 Historical-biographical reference/DSGL. Ivkin. -M.: Russian Political Encyclopedia (Rosspen), 1999. Is ISBN 5-8243-0014-3.
  • The Encyclopedia of the secret services of Russia/author-writer Kolpakidi. -M.: AST: Astrel: Tranzitkniga, 2004. -C. 431. -800 c.-ISBN 5-17018975-3.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watt, D.C.; Bourne, K.; Great Britain. Foreign Office (1984). British documents on foreign affairs--reports and papers from the Foreign Office confidential print: From the First to the Second World War. the Soviet Union, 1917-1939. British Documents on Foreign Affairs--reports and Papers from the Foreign Office Confidential Print: From the First to the Second World War. the Soviet Union, 1917-1939. University Publications of America. p. 400. ISBN 978-0-89093-601-6. Retrieved 14 August 2018. Antipov, Nikolai Kirilovich. Born in 1894 in the Government of Nijni Novgorod. Son of a journeyman labourer. A fitter by trade. Joined the party in 1912 ...
  2. ^ А. Л. Бауман (2003). Руководители Санкт-Петербурга (in Russian). ОЛМА Медиа Групп. pp. 552–553.
  3. ^ Fyodor Raskolnikov. "Кронштадт и Питер в 1917 году" (in Russian). Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  4. ^ Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. Slavica Publishers. 2006. p. 778. Retrieved 14 August 2018. Nikolai Kirillovich Antipov (former head of the Petrograd Cheka, 1918–20),72 Leonov (of the Petrograd GPU), and Pastukhov. The commission wasted no time in heading for Petrograd, and by 21 July had prepared a memo about the arrested ...
  5. ^ "АНТИПОВ Николай Кириллович" (in Russian). Encyclopedia of Saint-Petersburg. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  6. ^ Rhyne, G.N. (1995). The Supplement to the Modern Encyclopedia of Russian, Soviet and Eurasian History. Academic International Press. p. 237. Retrieved 14 August 2018. In 1931 he made way for Nikolai Kirillovich Antipov (1894-1941), a long-time party official, previously People's Commissar for Posts and Telegraph, 1928-1931.
  7. ^ Morton, H.W. (1963). Soviet sport, mirror of Soviet society. Russian civilization series. Collier Books. p. 185. Retrieved 31 July 2018. ... In March 1931, shortly after the Physical Culture Council became a federal (all-union) agency, Nikolai K. Antipov, an old-line Bolshevik and member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1924, was ...

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Artemi Lyubovitsh
People's Commissar for Posts and Telegraphs
1928-1931
Succeeded by
Alexey Rykov
Preceded by
Valery Mezhlauk
Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union
1935-1937
Succeeded by
Anastas Mikoyan