Nizhneangarsk

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Nizhneangarsk

Нижнеангарск
Other transcription(s)
 • BuryatДоодо Ангар
Location of Nizhneangarsk
Nizhneangarsk is located in Russia
Nizhneangarsk
Nizhneangarsk
Location of Nizhneangarsk
Nizhneangarsk is located in Republic of Buryatia
Nizhneangarsk
Nizhneangarsk
Nizhneangarsk (Republic of Buryatia)
Coordinates: 55°46′N 109°31′E / 55.767°N 109.517°E / 55.767; 109.517Coordinates: 55°46′N 109°31′E / 55.767°N 109.517°E / 55.767; 109.517
CountryRussia
Federal subjectBuryatia[1]
Administrative districtSevero-Baykalsky District[1]
Urban-type settlementNizhneangarsk Urban-Type Settlement[1]
Founded1643
Elevation
460 m (1,510 ft)
Population
 • Total5,030
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
4,400 (-12.5%)
 • Capital ofSevero-Baykalsky District[1], Nizhneangarsk Urban-Type Settlement
 • Municipal districtSevero-Baykalsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementNizhneangarsk Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofSevero-Baykalsky Municipal District[4], Nizhneangarsk Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+8 (MSK+5 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
671710, 671739
OKTMO ID81645155051

Nizhneangarsk (Russian: Нижнеанга́рск; Russian Buryat: Доодо Ангар, Doodo Angar; Mongolian: Доор Ангар, Door Angar) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Severo-Baykalsky District of the Republic of Buryatia, Russia, located at the northern tip of Lake Baikal, 23 kilometers (14 mi) north of Severobaykalsk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 5,030.[2]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1643 by the Russian explorer Semyon Skorokhod and was originally called Verkhneangarsk (Верхнеанга́рск), after the fort built here by Vasily Kolesnik in 1646.[citation needed] In the 1970s, it was planned to make Nizhneangarsk the headquarters of the western end of the Baikal–Amur Mainline, but the marshy ground made it hard to build large buildings, so the headquarters were moved south to Severobaykalsk.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nizhneangarsk serves as the administrative center of Severo-Baykalsky District.[1] As an administrative division, the urban-type settlement (inhabited locality) of Nizhneangarsk, together with one rural locality (the settlement of Davsha), is incorporated within Severo-Baykalsky District as Nizhneangarsk Urban-Type Settlement[1] (an administrative division of the district).[8] As a municipal division, Nizhneangarsk Urban-Type Settlement is incorporated within Severo-Baykalsky Municipal District as Nizhneangarsk Urban Settlement.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Nizhneangarsk is the location of the Nizhneangarsk Airport, with flights to Ulan-Ude and Irkutsk, however, since Bural ceased operations, no flights are made during the winter. The town is also served by the Baikal–Amur Mainline that connects Nizhneangarsk with Severobaikalsk and Tayshet by railway. Train 076Э connects the town with Moscow and runs every two days.

Demographics[edit]

In the last decade, Nizhneangarsk had a rather decrease in its population: 5,019 (2011), 4,963 (2012), 4,885 (2013), 4,822 (2014), 4,781 (2015), 4,710 (2016) and 4,520 (2017).

Nizhneangarsk population
2010 Census5,030[2]
2002 Census5,595[9]
1989 Census6,977[10]
1979 Census5,870[11]

Climate[edit]

Nizhneangarsk has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with severely cold winters and mild summers. Precipitation is moderate and is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Nizhneangarsk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
5.3
(41.5)
9.9
(49.8)
18.0
(64.4)
26.4
(79.5)
32.0
(89.6)
37.0
(98.6)
33.9
(93.0)
27.2
(81.0)
19.8
(67.6)
9.7
(49.5)
2.2
(36.0)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−15.9
(3.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.9
(35.4)
10.1
(50.2)
17.6
(63.7)
21.3
(70.3)
19.7
(67.5)
12.6
(54.7)
2.9
(37.2)
−7.8
(18.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
1.9
(35.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.0
(−7.6)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−12.6
(9.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
5.0
(41.0)
12.0
(53.6)
16.2
(61.2)
15.1
(59.2)
8.4
(47.1)
−0.7
(30.7)
−11.3
(11.7)
−17.5
(0.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
Average low °C (°F) −25.9
(−14.6)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.5
(43.7)
11.4
(52.5)
10.6
(51.1)
4.2
(39.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
−15.3
(4.5)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
Record low °C (°F) −47.2
(−53.0)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−5.8
(21.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−8.0
(17.6)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−37.6
(−35.7)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−47.2
(−53.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.6
(1.17)
15.5
(0.61)
23.9
(0.94)
36.4
(1.43)
43.7
(1.72)
61.7
(2.43)
75.2
(2.96)
94.2
(3.71)
52.5
(2.07)
35.1
(1.38)
23.0
(0.91)
22.0
(0.87)
512.8
(20.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 15.1 13.9 10.3 7.3 10.4 9.8 10.9 10.9 12.0 11.5 11.5 11.4 135
Average relative humidity (%) 74.9 74.1 70.9 63.0 62.4 71.1 74.6 72.1 67.6 62.8 64.7 68.1 68.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 94.6 128.8 186.0 219.0 244.9 265.5 251.1 229.4 171.0 128.6 87.0 77.5 2,083.4
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[12]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Resolution #431
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #985-III
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 81 645 155». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 81 645 155. ).
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Law #2433-III
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. ^ "Nizhneangarsk, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 23, 2013.

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Республики Бурятия. Постановление №431 от 18 ноября 2009 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Республики Бурятия», в ред. Постановления №573 от 13 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Постановление Правительства Республики Бурятия от 18.11.2009 №431 "О реестре административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Республики Бурятия"». Вступил в силу 18 ноября 2009 г. Опубликован: "Бурятия", №216, Официальный вестник №120, 21 ноября 2009 г. (Government of the Republic of Buryatia. Resolution #431 of November 18, 2009 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Buryatia, as amended by the Resolution #573 of November 13, 2015 On Amending Resolution #431 of November 18, 2009 of the Government of the Republic of Buryatia "On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and the Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Buryatia". Effective as of November 18, 2009.).
  • Народный Хурал Республики Бурятия. Закон №985-III от 31 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ, образовании и наделении статусом муниципальных образований в Республике Бурятия», в ред. Закона №1411-V от 14 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Бурятия "Об установлении границ, образовании и наделении статусом муниципальных образований в Республике Бурятия"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Бурятия", №1, Официальный вестник №1, 12 января 2005 г. (People's Khural of the Republic of Buryatia. Law #985-III of December 31, 2004 On Establishing the Borders, Creating, and Granting a Status to the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Buryatia, as amended by the Law #1411-V of October 14, 2015 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Buryatia "On Establishing the Borders, Creating, and Granting a Status to the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Buryatia". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Народный Хурал Республики Бурятия. Закон №2433-III от 10 сентября 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Бурятия», в ред. Закона №926-V от 12 марта 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Бурятия "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Бурятия"». Вступил в силу 23 сентября 2007 г. Опубликован: "Бурятия", №170, Официальный вестник №67, 13 сентября 2007 г. (People's Khural of the Republic of Buryatia. Law #2433-III of September 10, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Buryatia, as amended by the Law #926-V of March 12, 2015 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Buryatia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Buryatia". Effective as of September 23, 2007.).