Nolana

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Nolana
Nolana volcanica.jpg
Nolana bombonensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Nolana
L.f.
Species

See text.

Nolana (Chilean bell flower) is a genus of hard annual or perennial plants in the nightshade family. The genus is mostly native to Chile and Peru. Species in this genus, especially N. paradoxa, serve as a model system for studies on flower color.[1][2]

Classification[edit]

There are a number of synonyms for Nolana: Alibrexia, Aplocarya, Bargemontia, Dolia, Gubleria, Leloutrea, Neudorfia, Osteocarpus, Pachysolen, Periloba, Rayera, Sorema, Teganium, Tula, Velpeaulia, Walberia, and Zwingera.

Nolana is the only genus in the Solanaceae which has a fruit composed of mericarps, although its flower and other vegetative morphology is similar to other plants in this family. It seems to be most closely related to Lycium and Grabowskia.[3]

There are about 85[3] to 89 species.[4]

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stavenga, D. G., van der Kooi, C.J. (2016) Coloration of the Chilean Bellflower, Nolana paradoxa, interpreted with a scattering and absorbing layer stack model Planta 243:171-181
  2. ^ van der Kooi, C. J. et al. (2016). How to colour a flower: on the optical principles of flower coloration Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences: 283
  3. ^ a b Dillon, M. O. (2005). The Solanaceae of the Lomas formations of coastal Peru and Chile. Monographs in Systematic Botany 131-56.
  4. ^ Dillon, M. O. and J. Wen. Phylogenetic Systematics of Nolana (Solanaceae) and Biogeographic Implications for the Atacama and Peruvian Deserts.