Nong Het

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Nong Het
Town
Nong Het is located in Laos
Nong Het
Nong Het
Coordinates: 19°29′44″N 103°59′13″E / 19.49556°N 103.98694°E / 19.49556; 103.98694
Country  Laos
Province Xiangkhouang
District Nong Het
Time zone Laos Standard Time (UTC+07:00)
Climate Cwb

Nong Het, also Nong Haet, Nonghet, Muang Nonghet or Nonghed, is a market town in Xiangkhouang Province in northeastern Laos, located about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from the border with Vietnam. It is the principal town of Nong Het District. It is located along Route 7, 119 kilometres (74 mi) east of Phonsavan, along the road which passes through Muang Kham and Ban Na Sala on the way to Nong Haet.[1] Bus companies operating in the area have increased to cater for tourists.[2] The population is primarily Hmong peoples.[3]

History[edit]

Nong Het has a turbulent history of battles between the Ly and Moua warriors, Red Laotians and the Hmong. The Red Laotians once invaded, tying up local leaders and robbing the wealthy of the town.[4] Historically the two Meo families have shared power in Nong Het, the Lo clan and the Ly clan.[5] In 1917, the French appointed Lo Bliayao of the Lo clan as chief of Non Het.[6]

The strategical position of Nong Het meant that it was an "important resupply and transshipment point" during the Indochinese and Vietnam War, and contained "approximately a dozen NVA warehouses".[7] French colonial leader Doussineau was based at Nong Het during the Japanese invasion.[8] Faydang, son of Lo Bliayao, moved his base from Xiengkhouang to Nong Het in 1961.[9] The Vietnamese built a 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)-long road from Muong Xen to Nong Het to ease the transportation of Communist units to the Hmong base camp.[10] The town also produced some notable Hmong leaders including Touby Lyfoung and General Vang Pao.[11] Opium production is not uncommon in Nong Het district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burke, Andrew; Vaisutis, Justine (1 August 2007). Laos. Lonely Planet. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-74104-568-0. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Ray, Nick; Dragicevich, Peter; Louis, Regis St. (1 August 2007). Vietnam. Lonely Planet. p. 195. ISBN 978-1-74104-306-8. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Smalley, William Allen; Vang, Chia Koua; Yang, Gnia Yee (15 May 1990). Mother of Writing: The Origin and Development of a Hmong Messianic Script. University of Chicago Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-226-76286-9. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Chan, Sucheng (27 April 1994). Hmong Means Free: Life in Laos and America. Temple University Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-1-56639-163-4. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Evans, Grant (2009). The last century of Lao royalty: a documentary history. Silkworm Books. p. 262. ISBN 978-974-9511-66-4. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Lee, Gary Y.; Tapp, Nicholas (October 2010). Culture and Customs of the Hmong. ABC-CLIO. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-313-34527-2. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Webb, Billy G. (13 September 2010). Secret War. Xlibris Corporation. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4535-6484-4. Retrieved 21 July 2012. [self-published source]
  8. ^ Quincy, Keith (2000). Harvesting Pa Chay's wheat: the Hmong and America's secret war in Laos. Eastern Washington University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-910055-60-4. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Michaud, Jean (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Peoples of the Southeast Asian Massif. Scarecrow Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-8108-5466-6. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  10. ^ Moyar, Mark (28 August 2006). Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 1954-1965. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-521-86911-9. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  11. ^ Mote, Sue Murphy (2004). Hmong and American: Stories of Transition to a Strange Land. McFarland. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-7864-1832-9. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 

External links[edit]