Provinces of Laos

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Laos is divided into provinces (Lao ແຂວງ, pronounced [kʰwɛ̌ːŋ], khoeng, qwang or khoueng) and 1 prefecture (kampheng nakhon) plus the Vientiane Capital city municipality (ນະຄອນຫຼວງ, nakhon louang, or Na Kone Luang Vientiane). The special administrative zone (ເຂດພິເສດ, khet phiset), Xaisomboun, created in 1994, was dissolved on January 13 2006.[1]

Distribution of provinces (updated after late 2013)[edit]

Map of the provinces of Laos. Updated 2015.png
Location Name Capital Population (2015 census) Area (km²) Population Density ISO
Attapeu Province-Laos.svg Attapu Province
Samakkhixay District
139,628 10,320 11 LA-AT
Bokeo Province-Laos.svg Bokèo Province
Houayxay District
(Ban Houayxay)
179,243 6,196 24 LA-BK
Bolikhamsai Province-Laos.svg Bolikhamxai Province
Paksane District
273,691 14,863 14 LA-BL
Champasak Province-Laos.svg Champasak Province
Pakse District
694,023 15,415 37 LA-CH
Houaphanh Province-Laos.svg Houaphan Province
Xamneua District
(Xam Neua)
289,393 16,500 20 LA-HO
Khammouane Province-Laos.svg Khammouan Province
Thakhek District
392,052 16,315 22 LA-KH
Laos Provinces Luang Namtha.svg Luang Namtha Province
Namtha District
(Luang Namtha)
175,753 9,325 16 LA-LM
Luang Prabang Province-Laos.svg Louangphabang Province
Louangphrabang District
(Luang Prabang)
431,889 16,875 24 LA-LP
Oudomxay Province-Laos.svg Oudômxai Province
Xay District
(Muang Xay)
307,622 15,370 18 LA-OU
Phôngsali Province-Laos.svg Phôngsali Province
Phongsaly District
177,989 16,270 12 LA-PH
Salavan Province-Laos.svg Salavan Province
Salavan District
396,942 10,691 31 LA-SL
Savannakhet Province-Laos.svg Savannakhét Province Khanthabouly District
969,697 21,774 33 LA-SV
#Update map (politicaly changed since 2014) Vientiane Province Phonhong District
419,090 15,927 23 LA-VI
Vientiane Prefecture-Laos.svg Vientiane (Viengchan) Capital Vientiane 820,940 3,920 180 LA-VT
Sainyabuli Province-Laos.svg Xaignabouli Province
Xayabury District
381,376 16,389 23 LA-XA
Sekong Province-Laos.svg Xékong Province
Lamarm District
113,048 7,665 11 LA-XE
#Update map (politicaly changed since 2014) Xaisomboun Province
Anouvong District
85,168 8,300 10 LA-XS
#Update map (politicaly changed since 2014) Xiangkhouang Province
Pek District
244,684 15,880 18 LA-XI

Prior to 2006 dissolution of Xaisomboun in 2006[edit]

Provinces of Laos
  1. Attapue
  2. Bokeo
  3. Bolikhamxai
  4. Champasak
  5. Huaphan (Huaphanh)
  6. Khammuan
  7. Luang Namtha
  8. Luangphabang
  9. Oudomxai
  10. Phongsali
  11. Salavan
  12. Savannakhet
  13. Vientiane Prefecture and Vientiane Capital (municipality)
  14. Vientiane Province
  15. Xaiyabuli
  16. Xaisomboun Province (Province was created in the late 2013)
  17. Sekong
  18. Xiangkhuang

While transliterates spelling may differ, the nomenclature used in the 2005 census is as follows: Phongsaly, Luangnamtha, Oudomxay, Bokeo, Luangprabang, Huaphanh, Xayaboury, Xiengkhuang, Vientiane Province, Borikhamxay, Khammuane, Savannakhet, Saravane, Sekong, Champasack, Attapeu, Xaysomboon. [2]


The population of each province in 2005 is given in the census data, [3] ranging from the largest (Savannakhet) to smallest (Sekong).


In 1989 Vientiane prefecture was split from Vientiane province and the capital of Vientiane province moved from Vientiane to Muang Phôn-Hông. In 1994 Xaisômboun khetphiset (special region) was formed from parts of Bolikhamxai, Vientiane, and Xiangkhoang provinces. In 2006 Xaisomboun special region was dissolved and the Longsan, Xaysomboun, Phun, and Hom districts added to Vientiane province, while Thathon district was transferred to Xiengkhuang province.

Further divisions[edit]

The provinces are then subdivided into districts (muang) and villages (baan).


The provinces are grouped geographically into 3 strata, North (from Phongsaly to Saiyabouly, Luang Prabang and Xiengkhuang), Central (Vientiane and Bolikhamxay) South (from Khammuane to Champasack).


See also[edit]

External links[edit]