Ion Nonna Otescu
Ion Nonna Otescu (15 December 1888 – 25 March 1940) was a Romanian composer and head of the Bucharest Conservatory (now the National University of Music) from 1918 until 1940. He was born in Bucharest and died there at the age of 51, having played an influential role in the musical life of his native country.
Life and career
Otescu was born in Bucharest and studied at the Conservatory there from 1903 to 1907 under Dumitru Georgescu-Kiriac and Alfonso Castaldi (1874–1942). He then went to Paris where he stayed until 1911 studying at the Schola Cantorum de Paris with Vincent d'Indy and at the Paris Conservatory with Charles-Marie Widor. He began teaching at the Bucharest Conservatory in 1913, and in 1918 he became its head, a position he held until his death in 1940. Otescu played an active role in the musical life of Romania and was instrumental in the founding of the Societăţii Lirice Române (the precursor of the Romanian National Opera), the Romanian Composers Society, and the music journal Muzika.
In 1913 he won the George Enescu Prize and in 1928 the Romanian National Prize for composition. His works were predominantly dramatic in nature: operas, ballets, and symphonic poems. However, he also composed art songs and chamber music. Like his pupil Tudor Ciortea, Otescu's music was strongly influenced by the French compositional style of the time and by Romanian folk music traditions.
- Bubi, musical comedy (1903)
- Ileana Cosânzeana, ballet based on the mythical princess Ileana Cosânzeana to a libretto by Queen Marie of Romania (1918)
- Rubinul miraculos (The Miraculous Ruby), ballet (1919)
- Ilderim, opera to a libretto by Victor Eftimiu (1920)
- De la Matei cetire, opera buffa based on Matei Basarab (composed between 1926–38). It premiered posthumously in Cluj on 27 December 1966, completed and revised by Aurel Stroe.
- La légende de la rose rouge (The Legend of the Red Rose), symphonic poem (1910)
- Narcisse, (Narcissus), symphonic poem (1912)
- Din bătrâni (From the Past), symphonic sketch (1913)
- Le temple de Gnide (The Temple of Cnidus), symphonic poem (1914)
- Impresiuni de iarnã (Impressions of Winter), symphonic tableau (1914)
- Vrãjile Armidei (The Enchantments of Armida), symphonic poem for violin and orchestra (1922)
- Randel, Don M. (1996). "Otescu, Ion Nonna". The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music, p. 657. Harvard University Press
- Slonimsky, Nicolas and Kuhn, Laura (2005). "Otescu, Ion Nonna". Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. Retrieved online via HighBeam Research 25 April 2013 (subscription required).
- Slonimsky, Nicolas (1965). "Modern Composition in Rumania", p.240. The Musical Quarterly, Vol. 51, No. 1. Retrieved 25 April 2013 (subscription required).
- Unless otherwise indicated, the lists of works are based on Slonimsky and Kuhn (2005).
- Enciclopedia Italiana. "Otescu, Jon Nonna". Treccani. Online version retrieved 25 April 2013 (in Italian)