Norwich (UK Parliament constituency)

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Norwich
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyNorfolk
Major settlementsNorwich
1298–1950
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byNorwich North and Norwich South

Norwich was a borough constituency which was represented in the House of Commons of England from 1298 to 1707, in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 until it was abolished for the 1950 general election. Consisting of the city of Norwich in Norfolk, it returned two members of parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

It was replaced in 1950 by two new single-member constituencies, Norwich North and Norwich South.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

1298–1660[edit]

Year First member Second member
1378 Henry Limner
1386 Walter Niche Walter Bixton[note 1]
1388 (Feb) William Appleyard Walter Bixton[note 1]
1388 (Sep) John Moulton Walter Bixton[note 1]
1390 (Jan) Henry Limner Walter Bixton[note 1]
1390 (Nov) William Appleyard Thomas Gerard[note 1]
1391 Walter Bixton Thomas Gerard[note 1]
1393 John Moulton William Everard[note 1]
1394 Henry Limner William Everard[note 1]
1395 William Appleyard Thomas Gerard[note 1]
1397 (Jan) William Appleyard Henry Limner[note 1]
1397 (Sep) Walter Bixton Richard White[note 1]
1399 Henry Limner Roger Blickling[note 1]
1401 Edmund Warner Walter Eaton[note 1]
1402 William Appleyard William Crakeford[note 1]
1404 (Jan) William Everard Walter Eaton[note 1]
1404 (Oct)
1406 Walter Eaton John Alderford[note 1]
1407 Walter Eaton Robert Dunston[note 1]
1410 Robert Dunston William Ampulford[note 1]
1411 Bartholomew Appleyard Thomas Gerard[note 1]
1413 (Feb) John Alderford Bartholomew Appleyard[note 1]
1413 (May) William Sedman John Bixley[note 1]
1414 (Apr) Robert Brasier John Alderford[note 1]
1414 (Nov) William Sedman Richard Purdance[note 1]
1415 John Bixley Robert Dunston[note 1]
1416 (Mar) Henry Rafman William Sedman[note 1]
1416 (Oct) William Appleyard John Bixley[note 1]
1417 Robert Brasier Robert Dunston[note 1]
1419 William Appleyard John Bixley[note 1]
1420 Robert Baxter Robert Dunston[note 1]
1421 (May) Robert Baxter Robert Dunston[note 1]
1421 (Dec) Henry Piking Robert Dunston[note 1]
1485 John Paston[1]
1504 Robert Burgh[2]
1510 ?
1512 Robert Harydance John Clerke I[note 2]
1515 ?
1523 ?
1529 Edward Rede Reginald Lytilprowe[note 2]
1536 ?John Corbet II ?[note 2]
1539 Augustine Steward John Godsalve[note 2]
1542 William Rogers ?John Godsalve[note 2]
1545 Robert Rugge Richard Catlin[note 2]
1547 Augustine Steward Richard Catlin[note 2]
1553 (Mar) Thomas Marsham Alexander Mather[note 2]
1553 (Oct) Thomas Gawdy I Richard Catlin[note 2]
1554 (Apr) Henry Ward John Ball[note 2]
1554 (Nov) John Corbet II Alexander Mather[note 2]
1555 John Aldrich Thomas Grey[note 2]
1558 Sir Thomas Gawdy Thomas Sotherton[note 2]
1559 Sir William Woodhouse Thomas Sotherton[note 3]
1562/3 Robert Michell, died
and repl. 1566 by
John Blennerhassett
Thomas Parker
1571 John Blennerhassett Robert Suckling[note 3]
1572 John Aldirich Thomas Beaumont, sick
and repl. 1581 by
Edward Flowerdew[note 3]
1584 Christopher Layer Simon Bowde[note 3]
1586 Robert Suckling Thomas Layer[note 3]
1588 Francis Rugge Thomas Gleane[note 3]
1593 Robert Houghton Robert Yarham[note 3]
1597 Christopher Layer Thomas Sotherton II[note 3]
1601 Alexander Thurston John Pettus[note 3]
1604–1611 Sir Henry Hobart John Pettus[note 4]
1614 Sir Thomas Hyrne Rice Gwyn[note 4]
1621–1622 Richard Rosse William Denny[note 4]
1624 William Denny Sir Thomas Hyrne[note 4]
1625 William Denny Sir Thomas Hyrne[note 4]
1626 Sir John Suckling Sir Thomas Hyrne[note 4]
1628 Sir Peter Gleane Robert Debney[note 4]
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640–1950[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 Thomas Tooley Thomas Atkins
November 1640 Richard Harman Parliamentarian Richard Catlin[3] Royalist
January 1644 Catelyn disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1645 Erasmus Earle
1646 Thomas Atkins
1653 Norwich was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Bernard Church John Hobart
1656
January 1659 William Barnham
May 1659 Thomas Atkins One seat vacant
April 1660 William Barnham Thomas Rant
1661 Christopher Jay Francis Corie
Feb 1678 William Paston
May 1678 Augustine Briggs
1685 Robert Paston Sir Nevill Catlin Tory
1689 Thomas Blofield Tory
1690 Hugh Bokenham
1694 John Ward
1695 Francis Gardiner
1698 Robert Davy
1701 Edward Clarke Country Whig
1702 Thomas Blofield Tory
1703 Thomas Palgrave
1705 Waller Bacon John Chambers
1710 Robert Bene Richard Berney
1715 Waller Bacon Robert Brightiffe
1734 Horatio Walpole Whig
1735 by-election Thomas Vere
1747 John Hobart
June 1756 by-election Edward Bacon
December 1756 by-election (Sir) Harbord Harbord Whig[4]
1784 William Windham Tory[4]
1786 by-election Hon. Henry Hobart Tory[4]
1799 by-election John Frere Tory[4]
1802 Robert Fellowes Whig[4] William Smith Radical
1806 John Patteson Tory[4]
1807 William Smith Radical
1812 Charles Harvey Tory[4]
1818 Richard Hanbury Gurney Whig[4]
1826 Jonathan Peel Tory[4]
1830 Robert Grant Whig[4] Richard Hanbury Gurney Whig[4]
1832 William Murray Tory[4] James Scarlett Tory[4]
1834 Conservative[4] Conservative[4]
1835 Robert Scarlett[note 5] Conservative[4]
1837 Arthur Wellesley Conservative[4]
1838[note 5] Benjamin Smith Whig[4][5]
1847 Morton Peto Whig[6][7][8]
1852 Edward Warner Radical[9][10]
1854 by-election Samuel Bignold Conservative
1857 Henry Schneider Radical[10][11][12] William Keppel Whig[10]
1859 [note 6] Liberal Liberal
1860 by-election[note 7] Edward Warner Liberal Sir William Russell, Bt Liberal
1868 Henry Stracey [note 8] Conservative
1870 by-election Jacob Henry Tillett [note 9] Liberal
1871 by-election Jeremiah Colman Liberal
1874 John Walter Huddleston Conservative
1875 by-election Jacob Henry Tillett [note 10] Liberal
1885 Harry Bullard [note 11] Conservative
1886 by-election Samuel Hoare [note 12] Conservative
1895 Harry Bullard Conservative
1904 by-election Louis Tillett Liberal
1906 George Henry Roberts Labour
Jan 1910 Frederick Low Liberal
1915 by-election Hilton Young Liberal
1922 National Liberal Liberal
1923 Walter Smith Labour Dorothy Jewson Labour
1924 Hilton Young Liberal J. Griffyth Fairfax Conservative
1926 Conservative
1929 Walter Smith Labour Geoffrey Shakespeare Liberal
1931 George Hartland Conservative Liberal National
1935 Henry Strauss Conservative
1945 Lucy Noel-Buxton Labour John Paton Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Norwich North and Norwich South

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General election 1945: Norwich[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lucy Noel-Buxton 31,553 27.9 +7.9
Labour John Paton 31,229 27.7 +9.9
Liberal National Geoffrey Shakespeare 25,945 23.0 −6.1
Conservative Henry Strauss 24,225 21.4 −6.2
Majority 5,284 4.7 N/A
Turnout 70.7 −2.7
Registered electors 79,880
Labour gain from Liberal National
Labour gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General election 1935: Norwich[15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Geoffrey Shakespeare 36,039 29.1 −1.3
Conservative Henry Strauss 34,182 27.6 −1.3
Labour Glenvil Hall 24,670 20.0 −1.0
Labour Christopher John Kelly 22,055 17.8 N/A
Ind. Labour Party Fenner Brockway 6,737 5.5 −14.2
Majority 11,369 9.1 −0.3
Majority 9,512 7.6 −0.3
Turnout 73.4 −7.1
Registered electors 84,275
Liberal National hold
Conservative hold
General election 1931: Norwich[15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal National Geoffrey Shakespeare 40,925 30.4 +4.2
Conservative George Hartland 38,883 28.9 +5.1
Labour Walter Smith 28,295 21.0 −5.0
Ind. Labour Party Dorothy Jewson 26,537 19.7 −4.3
Majority 12,630 9.4 N/A
Majority 10,588 7.9 N/A
Turnout 80.4 +1.6
Registered electors 83,755
Liberal National gain from Liberal
Conservative gain from Labour

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General election 1929: Norwich[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Geoffrey Shakespeare 33,974 26.2 +1.5
Labour Walter Smith 33,690 26.0 +3.1
Labour Dorothy Jewson 31,040 24.0 +2.0
Unionist J. Griffyth Fairfax 30,793 23.8 −3.6
Majority 2,934 2.2 +0.2
Majority 2,897 2.2 N/A
Turnout 78.8 −5.2
Registered electors 82,143
Liberal hold
Labour gain from Unionist
General election 1924: Norwich[15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hilton Young 28,842 27.7 +10.8
Unionist J. Griffyth Fairfax 28,529 27.4 +12.1
Labour Walter Smith 23,808 22.9 +2.0
Labour Dorothy Jewson 22,931 22.0 +2.0
Majority 5,034 4.8 N/A
Majority 4,721 4.5 N/A
Turnout 84.0 +5.3
Registered electors 61,995
Liberal gain from Labour
Unionist gain from Labour
General election 1923: Norwich (2 seats)[15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Smith 20,077 20.9 +4.0
Labour Dorothy Jewson 19,304 20.0 +4.3
Liberal Hilton Young 16,222 16.9 −16.8
Unionist George Roberts 14,749 15.3 −18.4
Liberal Henry John Copeman 13,180 13.7 N/A
Unionist Henry Dawes Swan 12,713 13.2 N/A
Majority 3,082 3.1 N/A
Turnout 78.7 +1.9
Registered electors 61,168
Labour gain from Independent
Labour gain from National Liberal
Hilton Young
General election 1922: Norwich (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal George Roberts 31,167 33.7 −11.4
National Liberal Hilton Young 31,151 33.7 −9.6
Labour Herbert Witard 15,609 16.9 N/A
Labour George Johnson 14,490 15.7 N/A
Majority 15,558 16.8 N/A
Majority 15,542 16.8 N/A
Turnout 76.8 +27.9
Registered electors 60,159
National Liberal gain from Labour
National Liberal gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General election 1918: Norwich (2 seats)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Coalition Labour George Roberts[note 13] 26,642 45.1 +9.3
Liberal Hilton Young 25,555 43.3 +6.9
Independent Labour Herbert Witard 6,856 11.6 N/A
Majority 19,786 33.5 +25.5
Majority 18,699 31.7 +23.1
Turnout 48.9 −35.4
Registered electors 60,342
Labour hold
Liberal hold
By-election, 1917: Norwich (1 seat)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Henry Roberts Unopposed
Labour hold
By-election, 1915: Norwich (1 seat)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hilton Young Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election, December 1910: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick Low 10,149 36.4 +7.4
Labour George Roberts 10,003 35.8 +7.1
Conservative W. Dyson 7,758 21.7 +6.1
Majority 2,391 8.6 +1.3
Majority 2,245 8.0 +1.0
Turnout 84.3 −7.2
Registered electors 21,607
Liberal hold
Labour hold
General election, January 1910: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick Low 11,257 29.0 −8.2
Labour George Roberts 11,119 28.7 −9.2
Conservative Samuel Hoare 8,410 21.7 −3.6
Conservative H.G. Snowden 7,981 20.6 N/A
Majority 2,847 7.3 −4.6
Majority 2,709 7.0 −5.2
Turnout 91.5 −0.1
Registered electors 21,607
Liberal hold
Labour hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General election 1906: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Repr. Cmte. George Roberts 11,059 37.5 N/A
Liberal Louis Tillett 10,972 37.2 N/A
Conservative Ernest Wild 7,460 25.3 N/A
Turnout 91.6 N/A
Registered electors 20,390
Majority 3,599 12.2 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative
Majority 3,512 11.9 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative
By-election, 1904: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Louis Tillett 8,576 48.3 N/A
Conservative Ernest Wild 6,756 38.0 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. George Roberts 2,440 13.7 N/A
Majority 1,820 10.3 N/A
Turnout 17,772 90.1 N/A
Registered electors 19,728
Liberal gain from Conservative
General election 1900: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Samuel Hoare Unopposed
Conservative Harry Bullard Unopposed
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General election 1895: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Samuel Hoare 8,166 26.5 −8.6
Conservative Harry Bullard 8,034 26.1 N/A
Liberal Thomas Terrell 7,330 23.9 −9.9
Liberal Frederick Verney 7,210 23.5 −7.6
Majority 704 2.2 −1.8
Turnout 15,465 (est) 88.4 +0.4
Registered electors 17,494
Conservative hold
Conservative gain from Liberal
General election 1892: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Samuel Hoare 7,718 35.1 +9.6
Liberal Jeremiah Colman 7,407 33.8 +7.8
Liberal John Bedford[17] 6,811 31.1 +5.7
Majority 907 4.0 +3.9
Turnout 14,628 (est) 88.0 +7.4
Registered electors 16,623
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1886: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Jeremiah Colman 6,295 26.0 −7.0
Conservative Samuel Hoare 6,156 25.5 −10.5
Liberal Jacob Henry Tillett 6,119 25.4 −5.6
Conservative Clare Sewell Read 5,564 23.1 N/A
Turnout 12,342 80.6 −8.0
Registered electors 15,323
Majority 731 2.9 N/A
Liberal hold Swing −0.9
Majority 37 0.1 −4.9
Conservative hold Swing −5.4
By-election, 7 Apr 1886: Norwich[16][note 14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Samuel Hoare Unopposed
Conservative hold
  • Caused by Bullard being unseated on petition.
General election 1885: Norwich (2 seats)[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Bullard 7,279 36.0 −8.1
Liberal Jeremiah Colman 6,666 33.0 +4.9
Liberal Robert Samuel Wright[18] 6,251 31.0 +3.1
Majority 1,208 5.0 N/A
Turnout 13,572 88.6 +12.6 (est)
Registered electors 15,323
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing −3.6
Liberal hold Swing +4.5
General election 1880: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Jeremiah Colman 6,549 28.1 +1.4
Liberal Jacob Henry Tillett 6,512 27.9 +2.8
Conservative Henry Harben[20] 5,242 22.5 −2.8
Conservative William Massey-Mainwaring 5,032 21.6 −1.4
Majority 1,270 5.4 +4.0
Turnout 11,668 (est) 76.0 (est) +0.1
Registered electors 15,349
Liberal hold Swing +1.4
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

By-election, 6 Mar 1875: Norwich (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Jacob Henry Tillett 5,877 53.6 +1.8
Conservative Josiah Wilkinson[21] 5,079 46.4 −1.9
Majority 798 7.3 +5.9
Turnout 10,956 73.3 −2.6
Registered electors 14,953
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.9
  • Caused by Huddleston's appointment as a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas. This by-election was later declared void on petition, and the writ was suspended, leaving Norwich with one MP until 1880.
General election 1874: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Jeremiah Colman 6,138 26.7 −7.0
Conservative John Walter Huddleston 5,823 25.3 +8.4
Liberal Jacob Henry Tillett 5,776 25.1 −7.5
Conservative Henry Stracey 5,290 23.0 +6.1
Turnout 11,514 (est) 75.9 (est) +8.5
Registered electors 15,166
Majority 315 1.4 N/A
Liberal hold Swing −7.1
Majority 47 0.2 +0.2
Conservative hold Swing +7.8
By-election, 22 Feb 1871: Norwich (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Jeremiah Colman 4,637 57.8 −8.5
Conservative Charles Legard 3,389 42.2 +8.4
Majority 1,248 15.5 N/A
Turnout 8,026 65.1 −2.3
Registered electors 12,338
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing −8.5
  • Caused by the previous by-election being declared void on petition.
By-election, 13 Jul 1870: Norwich (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Jacob Henry Tillett 4,236 52.2 −14.1
Conservative John Walter Huddleston 3,874 47.8 +14.0
Majority 362 4.5 N/A
Turnout 8,110 61.0 −6.4
Registered electors 13,296
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing −14.1
  • Caused by Stracey's election being declared void on petition.

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General election 1868: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Stracey 4,521 33.8 −9.6
Liberal William Russell 4,509 33.7 +5.4
Liberal Jacob Henry Tillett 4,364 32.6 +4.4
Majority 12 0.0 N/A
Turnout 9,958 (est) 67.4 (est) −0.2
Registered electors 13,296
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing −9.7
Liberal hold Swing +5.1
General election 1865: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Russell 1,845 28.3 +1.9
Liberal Edward Warner 1,838 28.2 +2.0
Conservative Augustus Goldsmid[22] 1,466 22.5 −1.6
Conservative Robert Edmond Chester Waters[23] 1,363 20.9 −2.4
Majority 372 5.7 +3.6
Turnout 3,256 (est) 67.6 (est) −13.0
Registered electors 4,817
Liberal hold Swing +2.0
Liberal hold Swing +2.0
By-election, 28 March 1860: Norwich (2 seats)[19][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Warner 2,083 28.2 +1.8
Liberal William Russell 2,045 27.7 +1.5
Conservative William Forlonge 1,636 22.1 −2.0
Conservative William David Lewis 1,631 22.1 −1.2
Majority 409 5.5 +3.4
Turnout 3,698 (est) 68.7 (est) −11.9
Registered electors 5,381
Liberal hold Swing +1.7
Liberal hold Swing +1.6
  • Caused by both the 1859 general election and the June by-election being declared void on petition due to bribery.[25]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

By-election, 28 June 1859: Norwich[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Keppel 1,922 54.6 +2.0
Conservative Samuel Bignold 1,561 44.3 −3.1
Conservative Henry George Boldero[26][27] 39 1.1 N/A
Majority 361 10.2 +8.1
Turnout 3,522 69.6 −11.0
Registered electors 5,508
Liberal hold Swing +2.6
General election 1859: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Keppel 2,154 26.4 −10.2
Liberal Henry Schneider 2,134 26.2 −10.5
Conservative Samuel Bignold 1,966 24.1 +10.7
Conservative Charles Manners Lushington[28] 1,900 23.3 +9.9
Majority 168 2.1 −7.7
Turnout 4,077 (est) 80.6 (est) +17.8
Registered electors 5,058
Liberal hold Swing −10.3
Liberal hold Swing −10.4
General election 1857: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Henry Schneider 2,247 36.7 +7.7
Whig William Keppel 2,238 36.6 +7.0
Conservative Samuel Bignold 1,636 26.7 −14.6
Turnout 3,879 (est) 62.8 (est) −5.8
Registered electors 6,175
Majority 9 0.1 −7.4
Radical hold Swing +7.5
Majority 602 9.8 +9.2
Whig hold Swing +7.2
By-election, 29 December 1854: Norwich[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Samuel Bignold 1,899 53.8 +12.5
Whig Anthony Hamond[29][30] 1,629 46.2 +16.6
Majority 270 7.7 N/A
Turnout 3,528 59.7 −8.9
Registered electors 5,911
Conservative gain from Whig Swing −2.1
General election 1852: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Morton Peto 2,190 29.6 −13.0
Radical Edward Warner 2,145 29.0 +1.6
Conservative Arthur Wellesley 1,592 21.5 +6.4
Conservative Lothian Sheffield Dickson 1,465 19.8 +4.7
Turnout 3,696 (est) 68.6 (est) +10.9
Registered electors 5,390
Majority 45 0.6 −11.9
Whig hold Swing −9.3
Majority 553 7.5 N/A
Radical gain from Conservative Swing −2.0

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General election 1847: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Morton Peto 2,448 42.6 N/A
Conservative Arthur Wellesley 1,727 30.1 N/A
Radical John Humffreys Parry[32] 1,572 27.4 N/A
Turnout 2,874 (est) 57.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 4,976
Majority 721 12.5 N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
Majority 155 2.7 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1841: Norwich (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Benjamin Smith Unopposed
Conservative Arthur Wellesley Unopposed
Registered electors 4,334
Whig hold
Conservative hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davis, Norman. The Paston Letters: A Selection in Modern Spelling.
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  12. ^ "The Representation of Norwich". Norfolk Chronicle. 21 March 1857. p. 2. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ UK General Election results: July 1945
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-900178-01-6.
  15. ^ a b c d The Liberal Year Book (1937)
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885–1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 160. ISBN 9781349022984.
  17. ^ Rawcliffe, Carol (2004). Norwich Since 1550. London: Hambledon Continuum. ISBN 9781852854508.
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  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  20. ^ "The General Election". London Evening Standard. 31 March 1880. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 6 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
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  23. ^ "Norwich". Cambridge Chronicle and Journal. 22 July 1865. p. 3. Retrieved 12 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  24. ^ "The Conservative Candidates for Norwich". Norfolk Chronicle. 24 March 1860. p. 3. Retrieved 12 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  25. ^ "Norwich". Salisbury and Winchester Journal. 17 March 1860. p. 6. Retrieved 12 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  26. ^ "From Col. H.G. Boldero [MP Chippenham, 1835–April, 1859; unsuccessful candidate for Norwich, June, 1859]". The National Archives. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  27. ^ "The Nomination". Norwich Mercury. 29 June 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  28. ^ "The Suffolk Chronicle; or Weekly General Advertiser & County Express". 23 April 1859. p. 7. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  29. ^ "Norwich Mercury". 30 December 1854. p. 4. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  30. ^ "Mr. Peto's Resignation". The Suffolk Chronicle; or Weekly General Advertiser & County Express. 30 December 1854. p. 5. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  31. ^ Faith, Nicholas The world the railways made The Bodley Head, London, 1990 ISBN 0-370-31299-6 p. 106
  32. ^ "Norwich Election". Norfolk Chronicle. 24 July 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 26 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 978-0-900178-06-1.
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988)
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Robert Walcott, English Politics in the Early Eighteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Houses of Parliament". Houses of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Houses of Parliament". Houses of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Houses of Parliament". Houses of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Houses of Parliament". Houses of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  5. ^ a b Scarlett was initially declared re-elected in 1837, but on petition his election was declared void and his opponent, Smith, was seated in his place after scrutiny of the votes
  6. ^ On petition, the result of the 1859 general election was declared void, as was that of a subsequent by-election in which Viscount Bury (who had been found guilty of bribery) had been re-elected, and a writ for a new election was issued. The result had been Lord Bury 2,154; Mr Schneider 2,138; Sir S Bignold 1,966; Mr Lushington 1,900 (Bury and Norwich Post 3 April 1860)
  7. ^ The result was Mr Warner 2,083; Sir W Russell 2,045; Mr Lewis 1,636; Mr Forlonge 1,631 (Bury and Norwich Post 3 April 1860)
  8. ^ Stracey's election was declared void, the writ for the constituency was suspended and a Royal Commission was appointed to investigate allegations of corruption. After its report, a writ for a by-election was issued in 1870.
  9. ^ On petition, Tillett's election was declared void and a new election was held.
  10. ^ Tillett's election was declared void, the writ for the constituency was suspended and a Royal Commission was appointed to investigate allegations of corruption. The seat remained vacant until the next general election, when Tillett was re-elected.
  11. ^ On petition, Bullard's election was declared void and a by-election was held
  12. ^ Created a baronet, August 1899
  13. ^ Roberts was not an official coalition candidate, and did not receive the Coalition Coupon
  14. ^ Harry Bullard was unseated on petition