Striped newt

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Striped newt
Striped Newt, Osceola County Fl.jpg
Example from Osceola County, Florida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Salamandridae
Genus: Notophthalmus
Species: N. perstriatus
Binomial name
Notophthalmus perstriatus
(Bishop, 1941)

The striped newt, Notophthalmus perstriatus, is a species of aquatic salamander native to the southeastern United States. It is a close relative of the eastern newt, with which it shares territory, and can be distinguished from the latter by the presence of red stripes running down the sides of its back and red spots on its back that lack a black outline.[2]

Description[edit]

Growing from 2.12–4.12 in (5.4–10.5 cm)[3] in length, a fully mature striped newt is yellow-green to olive green to black-brown in color with bright red or orange parallel dorsal stripes. The underside is yellow with black spots. The aquatic larvae are tan, greenish, or brown with bushy external gills and have a distinct light lateral line and dark mottling on the large tail fin. The striped newt can also occur as an eft, which is a terrestrial juvenile stage that spends several years completely on land. Efts can be identified by their light brown or orange coloration and namesake red striping. Neoteny, or paedomorphosis, can be common in populations that live in permanent or semi-permanent fishless ponds. Neotenic adults are yellow-green to brown and often lack the red stripes seen in terrestrial forms.

Habitat[edit]

This newt is found from southern Georgia southward into central Florida.[3] It typically inhabits fire-maintained habitats with sandy soils such as longleaf pine sandhills, scrub, scrubby flatwoods, and occasionally hammock ponds, where it breeds from late winter through spring.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IUCN (2016). "Notophthalmus perstriatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  2. ^ http://museum.nhm.uga.edu/gawildlife/amphibians/caudata/salamandridae/nperstriatus.html
  3. ^ a b National Audubon Society Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians (North America) 276

External links[edit]

Media related to Notophthalmus perstriatus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Striped newt at Wikispecies