Novosibirsk Reservoir

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Novosibirsk Reservoir
The Ob sea.jpg
Official nameНовосибирское водохранилище
CountryRussian Federation
LocationNovosibirsk Oblast
Coordinates54°50′57″N 82°59′20″E / 54.84917°N 82.98889°E / 54.84917; 82.98889Coordinates: 54°50′57″N 82°59′20″E / 54.84917°N 82.98889°E / 54.84917; 82.98889
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Construction began1950
Opening date1957
Dam and spillways
ImpoundsOb River
Height33 m
Reservoir
Total capacity8.8 km3
Surface area1,070 km2
Maximum length200 km
Maximum width17 km
Installed capacity460 MW

Novosibirsk Reservoir or Novosibirskoye Reservoir (Russian: Новосиби́рское водохрани́лище), informally called the Ob Sea (Обско́е мо́ре), is the largest artificial lake in Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai, Russian Federation. It was created by a 33 m high concrete dam on the Ob River near Novosibirsk.[1] The dam, built in 1956, provides a water reservoir for generating hydroelectric power via Novosibirsk Hydroelectric Station. The reservoir is 200 km long and up to 17 km wide. Its area is 1,070 km2 and its volume is 8.8 km3. Its average depth is 8.3 m.[2] The design hydroelectric power output is 460 MW, the average energy production is 1,687 GWh per year.[1]

During the summer, the lake is one of the most popular destinations for Novosibirsk residents, with many yachts and boats dotting the surface, and the beaches teeming with people.[citation needed]

The Karakan Pine Forest is situated on the eastern coast of the reservoir, while most of the towns and villages are situated on the western coast. The larger towns bordering the reservoir are Novosibirsk (Akademgorodok quarter), Kamen-na-Obi and Berdsk. Berdsk was severely impacted by the reservoir's construction, its historical centre having been submerged by the water. Several smaller villages nearby met with the same fate.[citation needed]

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