Nowell Parr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nowell Parr

Thomas Henry Nowell Parr.jpg
Nowell Parr, 1895
Born
Thomas Henry Nowell Parr

1864
Died23 September 1933 (aged 69)
OccupationArchitect
Known forPublic houses in west London, especially for Fuller's Brewery

Thomas Henry Nowell Parr FRIBA (1864 – 23 September 1933) was a British architect, best known for designing pubs in west London. Many of these were built while Parr was "house architect" for Fuller's Brewery. Parr designed various buildings in Brentford while he was surveyor and then architect to the Council from 1894 to 1907.

Early life[edit]

Parr was born in Handsworth, Staffordshire (now Birmingham), the eldest child of Thomas Parr and Frances "Fanny" Nowell. He was baptised on 20 July 1864.[2] In 1890, his career began as an architectural assistant for Walsall Corporation architects' department, for which he worked until 1894.[3]

Career[edit]

Brentford Council[edit]

In 1894, the Brentford Local Board employed Nowell Parr as "Surveyor to the Council", and from 1897 as an architect.[4]

From 1896–1905, Parr was architect for five large buildings in Brentford, of which three survive: Brentford Baths, Brentford Fire Station (1897),[5] and Brentford Library. Brentford Vestry Hall (apparently the finest of these five) was demolished in 1963, and Brentford Enclosed Market in 1982. The Market eventually became a skateboarding rink, and was also used as a backdrop for episodes of The Sweeney, the 1970s British television police drama.[6]

Three Horseshoes, Southall

Private practice[edit]

While still working for Brentford Council, Parr began undertaking work as a pub architect. He worked for both Fuller's Brewery, Chiswick and the Royal Brewery, Brentford.[7]

Parr started to work independently in about 1900, while still employed by Brentford UDC. He later went into partnership with fellow architect A. E. Kates, and was also joined by his son, John Nowell Parr (died 1975). He was made a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (FRIBA) in 1925.[8]

Parr is notable for his frequent use of Royal Doulton glazed tiles for his pub facades, often in bright or unusual colours, such as green and a mottled slate blue at the Beehive (which has a beehive-shaped turret on top) in Brentford in 1907.[7]

Personal life[edit]

In 1891, Parr married Betsey Fennell in Birmingham. They had two children: Marguerite Parr (1894–), and John Nowell Parr (1897–1975); John was also an architect.[8]

Parr lived at 42 Cranley Gardens, South Kensington, London and 52 Kew Bridge Road, Brentford. He died on 23 September 1933.[8]

Notable buildings[edit]

Legacy[edit]

There is a block of flats named Nowell Parr Court at Boston Manor Road, Brentford, Middlesex.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Deaths". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 26 September 1933. p. 1.
  2. ^ Birmingham, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912
  3. ^ "Way Out West: Ealing and Brentford". CAMRA. The Campaign for Real Ale. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Nowell Parr, Architect (1864–1933)". Brentford High Street Project. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b Pevsner, Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus (2002). London (New ed.). New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. pp. 383–385. ISBN 978-0300096521.
  6. ^ "Thomas Henry Nowell Parr, Architect". Layton Collection. Layton Memorial & Museum Trust. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Tile Gazetteer Hounslow". Tilesoc.org.uk. Tiles and Architectural Ceramics Society. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Brodie, Antonia, ed. (2001). Directory of British architects 1834–1914. London [u.a.]: Continuum. p. 322. ISBN 978-0826455147.
  9. ^ "The Angel PH". Historic England. 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  10. ^ Historic England. "THE OLD PACKHORSE PUBLIC HOUSE (1240781)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  11. ^ "The Three Horseshoes, Southall". CAMRA. The Campaign for Real Ale. Retrieved 22 December 2013.