|Oficina Nacional de Emergencia del Ministerio del Interior|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Chile|
|Parent agency||Ministry of the Interior and Public Security|
|Website||Official website (in Spanish)|
ONEMI or National Office of Emergency of the Interior Ministry (Spanish: Oficina Nacional de Emergencia del Ministerio del Interior) is a Chilean government agency dedicated to the prevention, organization, coordination and information relative to natural disasters. After the 1960 Valdivia earthquake a committee was formed to solve problems caused by the earthquake. However, this committee was not dissolved afterwards and in 1974, it acquired by law independent status as governmental office.
2010 Chile earthquake and trial
ONEMI has faced severe criticism after the 2010 Chile earthquake, the largest earthquake in Chile since the 1960 Valdivia earthquake. Criticism include the lack of coordination with other authorities and the SHOA (Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Chilean Navy). ONEMI, SHOA and the government have been accused of the initial neglect of the tsunami warning sent by the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, which resulted in the deaths of hundreds of civilians. Currently several of the members from the SHOA and ONEMI are facing trial in the Chilean justice.
- Direccion de Presupuestos de Chile, Ministry of Finance (19 December 2019). Ley de presupuestos 2020 (PDF) (Report). Chile. p. 100. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
- Newspaper La Nación - Chile Earthquake 2010 Death Toll, last report (in spanish)
- Newspaper La Nación - Former president Bachelet answers to criticism (in spanish)
- Chile earthquake offers tough lessons for U.S. coast