ORP Dzik (P52)
|Class and type:||U-class submarine|
|Builder:||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow-in-Furness|
|Laid down:||30 December 1941|
|Launched:||11 October 1942|
|Out of service:||transferred to Polish Navy|
|Fate:||Scrapped April 1958|
|Commissioned:||16 December 1942|
|Decommissioned:||25 July 1947|
|Out of service:||returned to Royal Navy, transferred to Danish Navy July 1947|
|Name:||HDMS U 1|
|In service:||July 1947|
|Out of service:||1957|
|Renamed:||HDMS Springeren in 1950|
|Fate:||Returned to UK 1957|
|Length:||58.22 m (191 ft)|
|Beam:||4.90 m (16 ft 1 in)|
|Draught:||4.62 m (15 ft 2 in)|
ORP Dzik (Boar) was a U-class submarine built by Vickers-Armstrong at Barrow-in-Furness. She was laid down on 30 December 1941 as P-52 for the Royal Navy, but was transferred to the Polish Navy during construction. Launched on November 11, 1942, ORP Dzik was commissioned into the Polish Navy on December 12, 1942. Her name meant "Wild Boar" in Polish.
24 May 1943 Near Cape Spartivento, ORP Dzik fired a 4 torpedo salvo and damaged the Italian oil tanker Carnaro (8357 Gross Register Tonnage). After the attack, two Italian corvettes dropped over 60 depth charges.
21 Sep 1943 ORP Dzik fired torpedoes in Bastia harbour, Corsica, France and sank the German tanker Nikolaus (6397, former Greek Nikolaou Ourania) and the German tug Kraft (333 Gross Register Tonnage).
ORP Dzik destroyed or damaged 18 surface ships both German and Italian with a total tonnage of 45,080 tons. She participated in Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily, and also engaged enemy surface ships with her 76 mm cannon three times and the crew boarded two enemy ships. The ORP Dzik earned the Jolly Roger.
In July 1946, the Polish Navy decommissioned her and returned her to the Royal Navy.
- August 28, 1942 - November 1944: Capt. Bolesław Romanowski
- November 1944 - December 31, 1944: Lt. Tadeusz Noworol
- January 1, 1945 - August 25, 1946: Capt. Andrzej Kłopotowski
- "ORP Dzik (P 52)". uboat.net.
- "P32 to P222". British submarines of World War II. Archived from the original on 2007-07-11.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
- Submarines, War Beneath The Waves, From 1776 To The Present Day, by Robert Hutchinson