Oviduct-specific glycoprotein is a large, carbohydrate-rich, epithelialglycoprotein with numerous O-glycosylation sites located within threonine, serine, and proline-rich tandem repeats. The gene is similar to members of the mucin and the glycosyl hydrolase 18 gene families. Regulation of expression may be estrogen-dependent. Gene expression and protein secretion occur during late follicular development through early cleavage-stage embryonic development. The protein is secreted from non-ciliated oviductal epithelial cells and associates with ovulated oocytes, blastomeres, and spermatozoon acrosomal regions.
Beyond the oviduct, OVGP1 is detected in the mouse ovary, testis and epididymis suggesting its roles beyond fertilization. It is not detected in the mouse uterus, cervix, vagina, breast, seminal vesicles and prostate gland 
OVGP1 is expressed by the surface epithelium of the endometrium at the time of embryo implantation in the mouse. It is required for maintain the receptivity phenotype and trophoblast adhesion, OVGP1 mRNA levels are reduced in endometrium of women with recurrent implantation failure
Verhage HG, Fazleabas AT, Donnelly K (1988). "The in vitro synthesis and release of proteins by the human oviduct". Endocrinology. 122 (4): 1639–45. doi:10.1210/endo-122-4-1639. PMID3278893.
Iontcheva I, Oppenheim FG, Troxler RF (1997). "Human salivary mucin MG1 selectively forms heterotypic complexes with amylase, proline-rich proteins, statherin, and histatins". J. Dent. Res. 76 (3): 734–43. doi:10.1177/00220345970760030501. PMID9109822.
Iontcheva I, Oppenheim FG, Offner GD, Troxler RF (2000). "Molecular mapping of statherin- and histatin-binding domains in human salivary mucin MG1 (MUC5B) by the yeast two-hybrid system". J. Dent. Res. 79 (2): 732–9. doi:10.1177/00220345000790020601. PMID10728974.
Agarwal A, Yeung WS, Lee KF (2002). "Cloning and characterization of the human oviduct-specific glycoprotein (HuOGP) gene promoter". Mol. Hum. Reprod. 8 (2): 167–75. doi:10.1093/molehr/8.2.167. PMID11818519.
Woo MM, Alkushi A, Verhage HG, et al. (2005). "Gain of OGP, an estrogen-regulated oviduct-specific glycoprotein, is associated with the development of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer". Clin. Cancer Res. 10 (23): 7958–64. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-04-1261. PMID15585630.
Kadam KM, D'Souza SJ, Bandivdekar AH, Natraj U (2006). "Identification and characterization of oviductal glycoprotein-binding protein partner on gametes: epitopic similarity to non-muscle myosin IIA, MYH 9". Mol. Hum. Reprod. 12 (4): 275–82. doi:10.1093/molehr/gal028. PMID16567366.
Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, et al. (2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature. 441 (7091): 315–21. doi:10.1038/nature04727. PMID16710414.