Oculina

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Oculina
Oculina varicosa.jpg
Oculina varicosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Zoantharia
Order: Scleractinia
Family: Oculinidae
Genus: Oculina
Lamarck, 1816 [1]
Species
See text

Oculina is a genus of colonial stony coral in the family Oculinidae. These corals are mostly found in the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and Bermuda [2] but some species occur in the east Pacific Ocean. They occur at depths down to 1000 metres.[1]

Description[edit]

The colonies of Oculina have a straggly branching structure and are mostly pale yellow. The branches are slim, not exceeding 1 centimetre (0.39 in) in diameter. The corallites which house the polyps are widely separated. Their walls are composed of fragile, solid-walled tubes. Each corallite has 12 primary septa with fine teeth which partially project from the corallite wall and which are larger than the intermediate septa. Some species contain symbiotic microalgae called zooxanthellae.[2]

Species[edit]

The World Register of Marine Species lists the following species:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c WoRMS (2010). "Oculina Lamarck, 1816". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  2. ^ a b Family Oculinidae: Oculina Horizon. Retrieved 2011-12-15.