Oedipodium

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Oedipodium griffithianum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Bryophyta
Class: Oedipodiopsida
Goffinet & W.R.Buck[1]
Order: Oedipodiales
Goffinet & W.R.Buck[1]
Family: Oedipodiaceae
Schimp.[2]
Genus: Oedipodium
Schwägr.[3]
Species: O. griffithianum
Binomial name
Oedipodium griffithianum
(Dickson) Schwägr.[3]
Synonyms[4]
  • Bryum griffithianum Dickson
  • Gymnostomum griffithianum (Dickson) Smith
  • Hymenostomum griffithianum (Dicks.) Spreng.
  • Bryum bulbiforme Broth.
  • Gymnomitriella laevifolia Sakurai
  • Splachnum froehlichianum With.
  • Splachnum succulentum Brid.

Oedipodium is the only genus of moss in the family Oedipodiaceae. It contains the single species Oedipodium griffithianum, the gouty-moss[5] or Griffith's oedipodium moss.[6] This species is distributed in cooler climates of Eurasia, as well as from Alaska, Washington State, British Columbia, Yukon, Greenland, Newfoundland, Tierra del Fuego and the Falkland Islands.[7]

The relationship of Oedipodium to other mosses has been much debated. Previously, the taxon has been included with the Funariales or the Splachnales. However, characteristics of the protonemata and asexual propagation, along with molecular evidence, point to a closer relationship with the Tetraphidaceae.[7]

The phylogenetic position of Oedipodium among the eight classes of mosses, based on inferences from DNA sequence data.[8][1]


Takakiopsida



Sphagnopsida





Andreaeopsida



Andreaeobryopsida




Oedipodium




Tetraphidopsida



Polytrichopsida



Bryopsida







References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck (2004). "Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification". Monographs in Systematic Botany. Molecular Systematics of Bryophytes. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. 98: 205–239. ISBN 1-930723-38-5. 
  2. ^ Schimper, Wilhelm Philippe (1876). Synopsis Muscorum Europaea. XCVIII (2nd ed.). Stuttgart. p. 354. 
  3. ^ a b Schwägrichen, Christian Friedrich (1823). Species Muscorum frondosorum. Supplementum 2 (1,1). p. 15. 
  4. ^ Tropicos, Oedipodium griffithianum
  5. ^ Edwards, Sean R. (2012). English Names for British Bryophytes. British Bryological Society Special Volume. 5 (4 ed.). Wootton, Northampton: British Bryological Society. ISBN 978-0-9561310-2-7. ISSN 0268-8034. 
  6. ^ "Oedipodium griffithianum halleriana". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Crum, Howard A. (2002). "Oedipodiaceae". Flora of North America. 27. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-19-531823-4. 
  8. ^ Goffinet, B.; W. R. Buck; & A. J. Shaw (2008). "Morphology and Classification of the Bryophyta". In Bernard Goffinet & A. Jonathan Shaw (eds.). Bryophyte Biology (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55–138. ISBN 9780521872256.