Oekingen

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Oekingen
Coat of arms of Oekingen
Coat of arms
Oekingen is located in Switzerland
Oekingen
Oekingen
Location of Oekingen
Karte Gemeinde Oekingen 2013.png
Oekingen is located in Canton of Solothurn
Oekingen
Oekingen
Oekingen (Canton of Solothurn)
Coordinates: 47°11′N 7°36′E / 47.183°N 7.600°E / 47.183; 7.600Coordinates: 47°11′N 7°36′E / 47.183°N 7.600°E / 47.183; 7.600
Country Switzerland
Canton Solothurn
District Wasseramt
Area[1]
 • Total 2.39 km2 (0.92 sq mi)
Elevation 450 m (1,480 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 833
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Postal code 4566
SFOS number 2529
Surrounded by Derendingen, Halten, Hersiwil, Horriwil, Kriegstetten, Subingen
Website www.oekingen.ch
SFSO statistics

Oekingen is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.

Oekingen

History[edit]

Oekingen is first mentioned in 1263 as Otechingen.[3]

Geography[edit]

Oekingen has an area, as of 2009, of 2.4 square kilometers (0.93 sq mi). Of this area, 1.53 km2 (0.59 sq mi) or 63.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.6 km2 (0.23 sq mi) or 25.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.32 km2 (0.12 sq mi) or 13.3% is settled (buildings or roads).[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 7.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 5.4%. Out of the forested land, 23.8% of the total land area is heavily forested and 1.3% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 48.3% is used for growing crops and 14.2% is pastures, while 1.3% is used for orchards or vine crops.[4]

The municipality is located in the Wasseramt district, along the Oesch river. It consists of the linear village of Oekingen.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a Horse Argent running above a Base Vert.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Oekingen has a population (as of December 2016) of 833.[2] As of 2008, 4.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1999–2009 ) the population has changed at a rate of 5.7%. It has changed at a rate of 2.5% due to migration and at a rate of 3.6% due to births and deaths.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (641 or 97.4%), with Portuguese being second most common (8 or 1.2%) and French being third (4 or 0.6%).[8]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. The population was made up of 332 Swiss men (45.9% of the population) and 27 (3.7%) non-Swiss men. There were 342 Swiss women (47.2%) and 23 (3.2%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality 246 or about 37.4% were born in Oekingen and lived there in 2000. There were 231 or 35.1% who were born in the same canton, while 133 or 20.2% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 31 or 4.7% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

In 2008 there were 7 live births to Swiss citizens and were 5 deaths of Swiss citizens. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 2 while the foreign population remained the same. There was 1 Swiss woman who immigrated back to Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was a decrease of 11 and the non-Swiss population increased by 9 people. This represents a population growth rate of -0.3%.[6]

The age distribution, as of 2000, in Oekingen is; 39 children or 5.9% of the population are between 0 and 6 years old and 137 teenagers or 20.8% are between 7 and 19. Of the adult population, 32 people or 4.9% of the population are between 20 and 24 years old. 178 people or 27.1% are between 25 and 44, and 184 people or 28.0% are between 45 and 64. The senior population distribution is 66 people or 10.0% of the population are between 65 and 79 years old and there are 22 people or 3.3% who are over 80.[10]

As of 2000, there were 255 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 348 married individuals, 37 widows or widowers and 18 individuals who are divorced.[8]


As of 2000, there were 240 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.7 persons per household.[7] There were 40 households that consist of only one person and 31 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 244 households that answered this question, 16.4% were households made up of just one person and there were 1 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 89 married couples without children, 97 married couples with children There were 10 single parents with a child or children. There were 3 households that were made up of unrelated people and 4 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[8]

In 2000 there were 168 single family homes (or 82.0% of the total) out of a total of 205 inhabited buildings. There were 23 multi-family buildings (11.2%), along with 13 multi-purpose buildings that were mostly used for housing (6.3%) and 1 other use buildings (commercial or industrial) that also had some housing (0.5%). Of the single family homes 7 were built before 1919, while 32 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family homes (35) were built between 1971 and 1980.[11]

In 2000 there were 243 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 5 rooms of which there were 82. There were 3 single room apartments and 137 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 237 apartments (97.5% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 3 apartments (1.2%) were seasonally occupied and 3 apartments (1.2%) were empty.[11] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 4.2 new units per 1000 residents.[7] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 1.05%.[7]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 25.46% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (22.96%), the SVP (22.11%) and the FDP (17.59%). In the federal election, a total of 293 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 54.1%.[13]

Economy[edit]

As of  2010, Oekingen had an unemployment rate of 1.7%. As of 2008, there were 20 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 9 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 16 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 8 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 352 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 41.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 35. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 14, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 8, all of which were in manufacturing. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 13. In the tertiary sector; 4 or 30.8% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 3 or 23.1% were in the movement and storage of goods, 3 or 23.1% were in a hotel or restaurant, 2 or 15.4% were technical professionals or scientists, 1 was in education.[14]

In 2000, there were 13 workers who commuted into the municipality and 305 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 23.5 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[15] Of the working population, 13.9% used public transportation to get to work, and 61.1% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 266 or 40.4% were Roman Catholic, while 267 or 40.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 3 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.46% of the population), there were 6 individuals (or about 0.91% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 15 individuals (or about 2.28% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There was 1 individual who was Jewish, and 83 (or about 12.61% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 17 individuals (or about 2.58% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Oekingen about 266 or (40.4%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 78 or (11.9%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 78 who completed tertiary schooling, 71.8% were Swiss men, 21.8% were Swiss women.[8]

As of 2000, there was one student in Oekingen who came from another municipality, while 83 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Oekingen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 15-April-2011
  6. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (in German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 15-April-2011
  8. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived 2013-08-09 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Canton of Solothurn Statistics - Wohnbevölkerung der Gemeinden nach Nationalität und Geschlecht Archived 2011-03-05 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 11 March 2011
  10. ^ Canton of Solothurn Statistics - Wohnbevölkerung nach Gemeinden, Nationalität, Altersgruppen und Zivilstand, Total (Männer + Frauen) Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 11 March 2011
  11. ^ a b Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 2015-01-21 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 2014-09-30 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived 2014-12-25 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb Archived 2012-08-04 at Archive.is (in German) accessed 24 June 2010

External links[edit]