Olga Isabella Nethersole
18 January 1867
|Died||9 January 1951 (aged 83)|
|Occupation||Actress, producer, nurse, educator|
Olga Isabella Nethersole was born in London, of Spanish descent on her mother's side. Her father was Henry Nethersole, a solicitor. She made her stage début at Theatre Royal, Brighton in 1887. In 1888, Nethersole began playing important parts in London, at first under Rutland Barrington and John Hare at the Garrick Theatre.
Nethersole toured Australia and the United States playing leading parts in modern plays, notably Clyde Fitch's Sapho, where she and her male costar Hamilton Revelle were arrested for "violating public decency" for which she was later acquitted. Her powerful emotional acting, however, made a great effect in some other plays, such as Carmen, in which she again appeared in America in 1906.
In 1904, Nethersole portrayed the lead role in La seconde madame Tanqueray at the Odéon-Théâtre de l'Europe in Paris. Then she was at the Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt in Magda, Sapho, Adrienne Lecouvreur, and an adaptation of a French play by Eugène Scribe and Ernest Legouvé, Camille, an adaptation of a French play La Dame aux Camélias, and The Spanish Gipsy, an adaptation of the French play Carmen de Mérimée in 1907. Every summer, Nethersole spent a week at the house of playwright Edmond Rostand in Cambo les Bains. In 1907, she performed Rostand’s play La Samaritaine an English version of it to play it in London. In a conference at the Théâtre de l'Athénée on 17 November 1908, Robert Eude said that Olga Nethersole invented the soul kiss (an especially long kiss, of which actress Maude Adams was the recordwoman).
Nethersole inspired the character of "Miss Nethersoll", an American dancer, in the French novel La Danseuse nue et la Dame a la licorne by Rachel Gaston-Charles (1908).
World War I and later years
During World War I, Nethersole served as a nurse in London and later established the People's League of Health, for which she received the Royal Red Cross (RRC) in 1920. She combined her theatre work with health work for the rest of her life. She was created a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1936.
On 9 January 1951, Nethersole died in Bournemouth, England at the age of 83. Her brother, Louis F. Nethersole, was a theatrical manager, producer and press agent and one-time husband of the American actress and singer, Sadie Martinot.
Selected stage roles
- Mary Magdalene, 5 December 1910 - December 1910
- The Writing on the Wall, 26 April 1909 - May 1909
- The Enigma, 8 February 1908 - 1 March 1908
- I Pagliacci, 8 February 1908 - 1 March 1908
- Sapho, 1908
- Year of birth approximated as 1867 based on death registry at Findmypast.co.uk
Name: NETHERSOLE, Olga I.
Registration District: Poole
Year of Registration: 1951
Quarter of Registration: Jan-Feb-Mar
Age at death: 84
Volume No: 6A/Page No:752
- "NETHERSOLE, Olga". Who's Who. 59: 1293. 1907.
- "The Sapho Affair". American Experience. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
During one performance, Olga Nethersole was placed under arrest for "violating public decency." Her trial transfixed the city for weeks. Instructed by the trial judge that they were "not the guardians of the morals of this community", the jury took only 15 minutes to find her innocent. No sooner had the judge laid down his gavel, than the curtain rose again on Sapho. This time, the crowds were even bigger.
- "OLGA NETHERSOLE DIES AT AGE OF 80 (sic) ..." New York Times. 11 January 1951. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
Olga Nethersole, one of Britain's most popular actresses of earlier generations, died at Bournemouth yesterday.
- "Olga Nethersole". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
- Le Ménestrel Review 1904
- Annales du théatre et de la musique de 1907 (p. 274)
- L'Aurore du 12 June 1907
- Newspaper l'Aurore, 12 June 1907
- Newspaper Comoedia, 18 November 1908 p. 2
- Review Le Mercure de France, 16 September 1908 p. 306
- "Olga Nethersole Dies In England". Associated Press. 11 January 1951. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
Olga Nethersole, English actress whose impassioned performances in long gone years drew international attention...
- Sadie Martinot Dies Insane at 61. The New York Times, 8 May 1923, p. 7.
- Biography of Herbert Alexander Collins, by Alfred W. Collins, February 1975, 4 pages typed, in the possession of Collins' great-great grand-daughter, D. Dahl of Tacoma, Washington
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nethersole, Olga". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 421.
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