Olodum

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Members of Olodum performing.

Olodum is a bloco-afro from Salvador’s carnival, in Bahia. It was founded on April 25, 1979 during the carnival season as a leisure option to residents of Maciel-Pelourinho, guaranteeing them the right to play the carnival in one block and in an organized manner. It’s a Non-governmental organization of the Brazilian black movement. Has its headquarters located in the historic center of Salvador, Pelourinho, which hosts most of their presentations. And, currently, has as CEO João Jorge Rodrigues. Develops actions to combat social discrimination, boosts self-esteem and pride of african-Brazilian, defend and fight to secure civil and human rights of marginalized people, in Bahia and Brazil. Currently, it has a beautiful social project called Escola Olodum (Olodum School).

Banda Olodum (Olodum's Band)[edit]

Founded as an african block of the carnival in Salvador in 1979, the Olodum is currently a cultural group considered a Non-governmental organization. After your first run in 1980’s carnival, the band get almost two thousand associates and passed to talk about historic themes about African and Brazilian culture. The band’s first LP was called “Egito, Madagascar” and was recorded in 1987, and became famous with the song “Faraó, Divindade do Egito”. The idea of this LP was to honor the roots of the group and show to the country the Mamma Africa, and to show too how born the group (from the drums to the influences of African Gods).

Just after, Olodum passed to be known in the entire world as a african-brazilian percussive group and made shows in Europe, Japan and almost all South America. In 1988, Simone recorded “Me ama mô”, live, in Pelourinho, featuring Neguinho do Samba and Olodum (this record is in Simone’s album, Simone). One of the biggest moments for the group was in 1990, when they participated of the Paul Simon’s song, “The Obvious Child” from the album “The Rhythm of the Saints”, and the video clip was recorded in Pelourinho and watched by more than one hundred countrys. After this, Olodum recorded with famous artists from Brazil or not, for example, Wayne Shorter, Michael Jackson, Jimmy Cliff, Herbie Hancock and Caetano Veloso. In 1996, the band appeared in Heavy Metal band Sepultura's album Roots. In 2013, the band played live with Kimbra on Rock in Rio's palco sunset, including a cover of "They Don't Care About Us". Beyond that, they participated of the official song, consequently of the opening too, of the FIFA World Cup 2014, with the rapper Pitbull and the singers Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte. Parallel to the artistic success, the band takes part in social movements against racism and for civil and human rights.

In June 13, 2011, the Olodum’s ex-voccalist and songwriter Germano Meneghel, author of hits like "Avisa lá", "Vem, Meu Amor", "Alegria Geral" and the posthumous "Várias Queixas", was founded dead in your home. The causes of death are still unknown.

Annually, since 1980, in Salvador’s Carnival, Olodum innovates with the mostly related topics to the importance of African culture to the construction of society, as in the 2014 carnival theme, "Ashanti - The Golden Throne and the Queen Yaa Asantewaa.". And the theme song is chosen in a songwriter competition called FEMADUM (in english, Olodum’s Music and Arts Festival). Below are all the themes and their years already addressed by Olodum:

1980.Olodum in Friday

1981.Party for the King of Oyo - Nigeria

1982. Guinea-Bissau - Star of the African Revolution

1984.Tanzania

1985.Mozambique

1986.Cuba

1987.Egypt of the Pharaohs

1988.Madagascar

1989.Nubia, Axum and Ethiopia

1990. Sahara Desert to the northeast of Brazil

1991. From Atlantis to Bahia, The Sea is the Way

1992. India - The Paths of Faith

1993. The Treasures of Tutankhamun

1994. Tropicalismo - The Movement

1995. The Children of the Sun

1996. The Children of the Sea

1997. Black Rome - Gladiators of Negritude

1998. The Revolt of Buzios - 200 years of the Freedom Route

1999.The Children of the Fire

2000. From Egypt to Bahia - The Way of Eternity

2001. Africa, Asia and Brazil - The Three Worlds

2002. Olodum - The New Tent of Miracles

2003. Legend of the Rainbow

2004. Tuareg - African Desert Warriors

2005. Solar couple - Akhenaten and Nefertiti

2006. Angola - The Motherland for All of Millions

2007. Morocco - Country of the Senses

2008. South Africa - Football and Passion

2009. Mali - Dogon, the Star People

2010. India, Brazil and South Africa - The Third Vision

2011. Drums, Papyrus and Twitter - The History of Writing

2012. Valley of the Kings - The Seven Doors Energy

2013. Samba, Soccer and Joy - Roots of Brazil

2014. Ashanti - The Golden Throne and the Queen Yaa Asantewaa

2015. Ethiopia - The Cross of Lalibela. The Given Word

Founders[edit]

Carlos Alberto Conceição Nascimento (President)

Geraldo Miranda (Vice-President)

José Carlos Conceição do Nascimento (Secretary)

José Luis Souza Almeida (Secretary)

Francisco Carlos Souza Almeida (Sound director)

Antônio Jorge Souza Almeida (Treasurer)

Edson Santos da Cruz (Public relations)

Samba Reggae[edit]

Samba-reggae is a music genre born in Bahia, Brazil. As the name suggests, it was originally derived from a blend of Brazilian samba with Caribbean reggae. It arose in the context of the black pride movement that occurred in the city of Salvador de Bahia, around the 1970s, and it still carries connotations of ethnic identity and pride for Afro-Brazilians today. Bahia's population has a large proportion of dark-skinned Brazilians who are descendants of African slaves who were brought to Brazil by the Portuguese in the 18th and 19th centuries. These Afro-Brazilians played a major role in the early development of samba, which first took form in a Bahian style of dance and music called "samba de roda”. Samba de roda was brought to Rio de Janeiro by Bahians around 1900, where it was combined with harmonic and rhythmic elements from European influences (such as chorinho and military marches). By the 1930s, samba de roda had developed into the faster, more harmonically complex Rio-style samba that is now played in Rio's Carnival. Samba-reggae represents an effort by black Brazilians to develop a Carnival parade music that they could call their own, and to form all-black or mostly-black blocos with which they could parade during Carnival. The afro bloco music was very different because they aimed to recreate and strengthen their community through their music. Olodum is undoubtedly the most famous musical act performing samba-reggae in Brazil.

Bando de Teatro[edit]

Bando de Teatro Olodum (in English, Olodum Theatre Band) is a teatral group that was created bound to the african block, made by black actors in 1990.

Over the years, the Bando de Teatro Olodum was separated from the block-african, and took up residence at Teatro Vila Velha. Thanks to the occupation of Bando, the space was revitalized, and in 1994, began to be renovated, and in 1998 reopened. The Bando is the Teatro Vila Velha today and formed big names like Lázaro Ramos, for example.

Focused on Brazilian black issues in its various aspects, O Bando (in english, The Pack), as it is more commonly called, develops its own language in one of Experimental Black Theatre format.

Escola Olodum (Olodum School)[edit]

Since October 25, 1984, the Escola Olodum (in english, Olodum School) is a real space for participation and expression of african descent community, becoming a national and international reference for innovation in working with art, education and cultural diversity.

The Escola Olodum reveals magnitudes beyond the touch of the drum, with activities that aim to enhance the potential of children, adolescents and young people through languages that enable social and digital inclusion, working alongside the issue of ethnic and cultural citizenship.

This pioneering project of Brazilian african popular education originated in the Rufar dos Tambores project, developed in 1984 by Olodum, composed of free classes of african block percussion, and african courses - Brazilian short-lived.

Initially aimed to answer a request Maciel / Pelourinho community to be formed an integrated percussion band for children and adolescents of the neighborhood, but currently has students from throughout the city of Salvador.

It offers percussion courses (theory and practice), popular song (theory and practice) and african dance. Entries are made annually for children and adolescents aged 7 to 14 years.

Discography[edit]

Studio Albums[edit]

Ano

Álbum

1987

Egito Madagáscar

1989

Olodum 10 Anos

1990

Da Atlântida à Bahia

1993

Movimento

1994

Menino Dourado

1995

Filhos do Sol

1997

Da Alta à Bahia

Liberdade

1999

Popularidade

2002

Olodum Pela Vida

2005

Roma Negra

Pela Vida

Live Albums[edit]

Ano

Álbum

1997

Live at the Montreux Jazz Festival

2005

25 Anos de Samba Reggae: Ao Vivo

Collections[edit]

Ano

Álbum

1994

10 Anos - Do Deserto do Saara ao Nordeste Brasileiro

2000

A Música do Olodum - 20 Anos

2008

Nova Série - Olodum

References[edit]

External links[edit]