Operation Golden Flow

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Operation Golden Flow is a unofficial term that was coined during the Nixon era for the mandatory drug testing of all military service members returning from Vietnam, a program that was headed by Dr. Jerome Jaffe, head of the White House drug office.[1]

In June 1971, the U.S. military announced that they would begin urinalysis of all returning servicemen. The program went into effect in September with favorable results that only 4.5% of the soldiers tested positive for heroin.[2]

American soldiers in Vietnam would not be permitted to board a plane home until they passed a urine drug test. If they failed, the soldiers would be forced to stay in Vietnam, undergo detoxification, and try again.[3]

The term had evolved to mean random urinalysis testing and also nicknamed "Lemonade Party".[4]


  1. ^ Media, American Public. "America's Drug War: from American RadioWorks, Minnesota Public Radio". americanradioworks.publicradio.org. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  2. ^ "Thirty Years Of America's Drug War | Drug Wars | FRONTLINE | PBS". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  3. ^ Correspondent, Dr Sanjay Gupta, CNN Chief Medical. "Vietnam, heroin and the lesson of disrupting addiction". CNN. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  4. ^ "Yokota conducts massive weekend drug testing". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2017-04-18.