Operation Law and Order

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Operation Law and Order
Part of the South Lebanon conflict (1985–2000)
Date May 2, 1988 – May 4, 1988
Location Maidun, Lebanon
Result Israeli victory
Belligerents
Israel Israel InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah
Commanders and leaders
Israel Yossi Peled
Israel Shaul Mofaz
Israel Amos Ben-Haim
Unknown
Casualties and losses
3 killed
17 wounded
50 killed
1 captured

Operation Law and Order was an Israeli military operation against a Hezbollah base in the village of Maydoun.[1]

Background[edit]

On April 26, 1988, a Hezbollah infiltration attempt at Har Dov ended in a battle during which an Israeli officer, Lieutenant Colonel Shmuel Adiv, a battalion commander in the Givati Brigade, was killed along with the entire Hezbollah cell. In response, the commander of the IDF Northern Command, Major-General Yossi Peled, decided to raid the Lebanese town of Maidun, the known location of a Hezbollah headquarters.[citation needed]

As a result, a two-pronged operation was planned. The first, Operation Law, would see a Paratroopers Brigade unit commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Amos Ben-Haim, raid Lebanese villages in the vicinity as a distraction, though it was also hoped that enemy fighters could be captured and weapons seized. The main operation would be Operation Order, which would be led by the Paratroopers Brigade commander, Colonel Shaul Mofaz. The operation would be carried out by Battalion 202, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Yitzhak Gershon, supported by additional paratrooper and infantry units commanded by Major Roni Alsheikh, Captain Gal Hirsch, Major Gadi Shamni, and Captain Matthew Horowitz. They were supported by a tank company from the 7th Armored Brigade commanded by Captain Omri Sadeh, an artillery unit commanded by Zvi Fuchs, and Israeli Air Force attack helicopters.[citation needed]

The battle[edit]

On May 2, Operation Law began when the 890th Paratroop Battalion, led by Benny Gantz, and a Nahal Brigade airborne unit, began search and destroy operations against guerrilla infrastructure in South Lebanon, and scattered propaganda leaflets. The following day, Operation Order began, when Israeli troops and armor raided Maidun. As the column crossed into Lebanon, it was fired at by the South Lebanon Army in a friendly fire incident due to lack of coordination. The column successfully fought it's way into the village after coming under fire and engaged Hezbollah fighters at point-blank range, with artillery and air support participating and suppressing Syrian artillery firing in support of Hezbollah fighters, and Hezbollah fighters attempting to escape attacked.[citation needed]

Aftermath[edit]

Israeli sources said the goal was to "restore the army's image" and deter the Arab enemies, while Western military sources said it was "designed for home consumption", Before the fighting, Majdoun was a village of 50 houses. Those left standing were dynamited by the Israeli ally, the South Lebanon Army.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1988-05-05/news/mn-3611_1_israeli-troops 3 Israelis, 40 Guerrillas Die In Lebanon Battle
  2. ^ Times, John Kifner, Special To The New York (1988-05-05). "Israeli Troops Battle Shiite Forces And Destroy Village in Lebanon". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-25.