Originally Bogosian aimed to make a film about Soghomon Tehlirian and began writing a screenplay, which evolved into the book. He researched the broader historical events of Operation Nemesis for seven years. Bogosian had initially believed that Tehlirian's killing of Talaat Pasha in 1921 was an urban legend.
The author stated that the book production process had "radicalized" him in favor of ethnic Armenian political positions while previously he held a "pragmatic" point of view.
The first part discusses the history of Armenia and the Armenian genocide. The second part of the book discusses Operation Nemesis itself, including a biography of the assassin, the death of Talaat, and the aftermath of the assassination. Part three explores the involvement of intelligence agencies in the operation and other Operation Nemesis acts, and what transpired afterwards. The bibliography and endnotes take up about 50 pages.
Rupen Janbazian stated in the Armenian Weekly that the book, unlike many other English-language works, discusses the involvement of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) and how it purposefully used the shocking public assassination and subsequent trial strategically. The group specifically used the well-publicized trial to raise international awareness of the Armenian genocide and Talaat's role as architect and orchestrator of the mass murders, rapes, deportations, abductions, evictions, thefts, and looting of Turkey's Armenian citizens.
Joseph Kanon of The New York Times stated that because assassinations to right wrongs can turn into terrorist movements, "To his great credit, Bogosian [...] refuses to portray Tehlirian or any of the other members of his group as heroes."
Kanon praised the book's "gripping action accounts of Nemesis at work, and in the sober assessment of its terrible aftermath." Kanon criticized the "historical narration" as he felt it sometimes goes into tangents and parts feel unnecessary.
Janbazian wrote praise of the book and supported the level of historical detail in the book because "most readers do not have a sufficient understanding of Armenian history."
Kouyoumdjian wrote that the book had "rigorous scholarly research" despite the author not having an academic background.
Publishers Weekly stated that for readers unfamiliar with the subject it "is a highly readable introduction" while for readers who have familiarity "Bogosian has uncovered a little-known aspect of it in fascinating detail."
- Kanon, Joseph (2015-04-19). "'Operation Nemesis,' by Eric Bogosian". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-06-15.
- Janbazian, Rupen (2015-05-25). "Book Review: 'Operation Nemesis: The Assassination Plot That Avenged the Armenian Genocide'". Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 2019-06-15.
- Kouyoumdjian, Aram (2015-04-23). "Eric Bogosian on Writing 'Operation Nemesis' and How the Project 'Radicalized' and Changed Him". Horizon Weekly. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
- "OPERATION NEMESIS". Kirkus Reviews. 2015-01-22. Retrieved 2019-06-15. - Review date: February 1, 2015.
- "Operation Nemesis: The Assassination Plot That Avenged the Armenian Genocide". Publishers Weekly. 2015-03-16. Retrieved 2019-06-15.
- Operation Nemesis official website
- Operation Nemesis by Little Brown
- "Eric Bogosian on Operation Nemesis: The Assassination Plot that Avenged the Armenian Genocide". PBS Books. 2015-11-21. - At YouTube