15 May 1966 |
|Notable credit(s)||BBC News, RTÉ News|
Early life and career
Guerin was born in Dublin and attended a school run by nuns.[dead link] Subsequently a journalism graduate from Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), she qualified as a journalist in 1985 with a Certificate in Journalism from the College of Commerce in Dublin. She also holds a master's degree in Film Studies from University College Dublin (UCD).
Guerin began her career working for newspapers in Dublin such as the Sunday Tribune. Guerin joined RTÉ News in 1987 and became its youngest foreign correspondent when she was sent to eastern Europe at the age of 23 in 1990. She remained at RTÉ until 1994, additionally reporting from central Europe, the former Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Sarajevo. Guerin's reports from eastern Europe for RTÉ Radio won her a Jacob's Award in 1992.
She left RTÉ to run as an Irish Labour Party candidate in the 1994 European Parliament elections. A political novice, Guerin had been hand-picked by then Labour Party leader Dick Spring. Even though she was not selected at the party convention, Spring insisted that she be added to the ballot. She did not win a seat, although she polled reasonably well.
Guerin joined the BBC in 1995. She was based in Los Angeles from January 1996, but became the corporation's Southern Europe correspondent in July 1996 and was based in Rome until June 2000. During this period, Guerin reported from Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia and the Basque Country in northern Spain. In the second half of 2000, Guerin was based in Moscow, and covered the Kursk submarine disaster in 2000.
|“||I got my first flak jacket from the Irish Army but they did not give me the armour plates that you slip into the vest. Without them the jacket was about as much use as a white handkerchief. I'm a bit more knowledgeable now and luckily the armour plates have become lighter. You cannot run very fast with a flak jacket on but sometimes you have to wear one. I have known colleagues who have died without them.||”|
Guerin was appointed the BBC's Jerusalem correspondent in January 2001. At the beginning of April 2002, the BBC made an official complaint to the Israeli government after Israeli soldiers fired in the direction of Guerin and her team, forcing them to find cover, while they were recording a peaceful demonstration in Bethlehem in the West Bank. Almost exactly two years later, the Israeli government wrote to the BBC accusing her of a "deep-seated bias against Israel" in a report on a teenage would-be suicide bomber. The BBC defended Guerin's reporting. Caroline Hawley succeeded her as the BBC's correspondent in Jerusalem. In December 2005, the BBC told Broadcast magazine that Guerin had spent two years longer in the Jerusalem posting than the normal three-year rotation usual for its correspondents. Former Director General of the BBC Greg Dyke wrote: "I have no doubt that the decision by the BBC to pull their Middle East correspondent Orla Guerin out of the region and send her to South Africa was part of the normal rotation of BBC news correspondents around the world. However, it was pretty bad timing to announce it within days of Director General Mark Thompson's visit to Israel where he had a meeting with the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon". She became the BBC's Africa correspondent, based in Johannesburg, in January 2006. After this, Guerin was the BBC's correspondent based in Islamabad, Pakistan.
In October 2015, former BBC chairman Lord Grade wrote to James Harding, the Head of BBC News, criticising Guerin's Middle East reporting. In the letter, which was published in The Jewish Chronicle, Grade faulted her reporting for assuming "equivalence" between Israel and the Palestinians. According to Grade: "it was improper of the correspondent to claim that ‘there’s no sign of involvement by militant groups’, before immediately showing footage of Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) banners at the home of a 19-year-old terrorist who carried out a deadly knife attack at Lion’s Gate in Jerusalem on October 3".
Honours and private life
In 2002, she was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Essex, and won the Broadcaster of the Year award from the London Press Club. She was awarded an MBE (Honorary) for services to broadcasting in 2005.
Guerin married Reuters correspondent Michael Georgy in 2003. That same year she was awarded the News and Factual Award by Women in Film and Television UK. In 2009, she was awarded honorary degrees from both of Northern Ireland's universities, Queen's University Belfast and the University of Ulster. In 2014 she was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Bradford.
- Guerin, Orla (16 May 2005). "BBC Middle East Correspondent Orla Guerin reveals how she got into journalism". Press Gazette. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "Orla Guerin - BBC Middle East correspondent". BBC News. 2003. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Letts, Quentin (9 April 2002). "The woman with a bias towards bloodshed". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Wilkinson, Carl; Guerin, Orla (28 August 2005). "Home is where the war is". The Observer. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- MacAskill, Ewen (3 April 2002). "BBC protests after crew caught in violence". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- McGreal, Chris (1 April 2004). "BBC accused of bias against Israel". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "BBC pulls Guerin out of Israel". Broadcast. 1 December 2005. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Plunkett, John (13 December 2005). "BBC's North heads for Baghdad". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Dyke, Greg (12 December 2005). "Greg Dyke on Broadcasting". The Independent. London. Retrieved 21 April 2009.[dead link]
- Dyke, Greg (12 December 2005). "Greg Dyke on Broadcasting: The BBC should never give in to pressure – or even be seen to". The Independent. London. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- "Newswatch – Profiles – Orla Guerin". BBC News. 23 January 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Dysch, Marcus (19 October 2015). "Ex-BBC chairman Lord Grade attacks corporation over Israel coverage". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Sherwin, Adam (20 October 2015). "Lord Grade: Former BBC chairman accuses corporation of bias in coverage of stabbing attacks on Israelis". The Independent. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "Honorary Graduates: Orations and responses: Orla Guerin". University of Essex. 11 July 2002. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- Cromie, Claire (6 July 2009). "Queen's University of Belfast Graduations". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- Guerin, Orla (18 July 2014). "Bradford University awards honorary diplomas to journalists, a top physicist and a leading campaigner". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 18 July 2014.