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Osteotomes used in dental implantation
Bernhard Heine's osteotome
Component parts of the osteotome, and the instrument in use

An osteotome is an instrument used for cutting or preparing bone.[1] Osteotomes are similar to a chisel but bevelled on both sides.[2] They are used today in plastic surgery, orthopedic surgery and dental implantation.[3]

The chain osteotome, originally referred to simply as the osteotome, was invented by the German physician Bernhard Heine in 1830.[4][5] This device is essentially a small chainsaw.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gould, George Milbry; Scott, Richard John Ernst (1919). The Practitioner's Medical Dictionary: Containing All the Words and Phrases Generally Used in Medicine and the Allied Sciences, with Their Proper Pronunciation, Derivation, and Definition. P. Blakiston's. pp. 639. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  2. ^ Swiontkowski, Marc F. (2012-09-10). Manual of Orthopaedics. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 209–. ISBN 9781451115925. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  3. ^ Summers, Robert B. (1994). "A new concept in maxillary implant surgery: the osteotome technique" (PDF). Compendium. Newtown, Pa. 15 (2): 152–154. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  4. ^ The Lancet London: A Journal of British and Foreign Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics, Physiology, Chemistry, Pharmacology, Public Health and News. Elsevier. 1835. pp. 127–.
  5. ^ Seufert, Wolf D. (1980). "The Chain Osteotome by Heine". Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. XXXV (4): 454–459. doi:10.1093/jhmas/XXXV.4.454. ISSN 0022-5045.
  6. ^ Peltier, Leonard F. (1993). Orthopedics: History and Iconography. Norman Publishing. pp. 37–. ISBN 9780930405472. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  7. ^ Tillmanns, Hermann (1895). The principles of surgery and surgical pathology: general rules governing operations and the application of dressings. D. Appleton and company. pp. 84. Retrieved 2 December 2012.