Osumilite

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Osumilite
Osumilite tablets with Mullite - Ochtendung, Eifel, Germany.jpg
Osumilite tablets with mullite from Ochtendung, Eifel, Germany.
General
Category Cyclosilicate
Formula
(repeating unit)
(K,Na)(Fe,Mg)2(Al,Fe)3(Si,Al)12O30
Strunz classification 9.CM.05
Dana classification 63.02.01a.06
Crystal system Hexagonal
Dihexagonal dipyramidal class
Unit cell a = 10.15, c = 14.25 [Å]; Z = 2
Identification
Color Black, dark blue, dark brown, pink, gray
Crystal habit Crystals tabular to prismatic also anhedral and massive
Crystal symmetry Hexagonal
H-M symbol: (6/m 2/m 2/m)
Space group: P6/mcc
Twinning Rarely
Cleavage None
Fracture Subconchoidal
Mohs scale hardness 5 - 6
Luster Vitreous
Streak Blue-gray
Specific gravity 2.62 - 2.64
Optical properties Uniaxial (+) anomalously biaxial
Refractive index w=1.545-1.547, e=1.549-1.551
Birefringence 0.004
Pleochroism Strong
References [1][2][3]

Osumilite a very rare potassium-sodium-iron-magnesium-aluminium silicate mineral. Osumilite is part of the milarite group (also known as the milarite-osumilite group) of cyclosilicates.

Characteristics[edit]

Osumilite chemical formula is (K,Na)(Fe,Mg)2(Al,Fe)3(Si,Al)12O30.[4][5] It is translucent and the typical coloring is either blue, black, brown, or gray. It displays no cleavage and has a vitreous luster. Osumilite has a hardness between 5-6 on the Mohs hardness scale.[3]

The hexagonal crystal structure of osumilite is an unusual molecular make-up. The primary unit is a double ring, with a formula of Si12O30. Normal cyclosilicate have rings composed of six silicate tetrahedrons; Si6O18. In a double ring structure, two normal rings are linked by sharing six oxygens, one from each tetrahedron in each six membered ring.[6]

Occurrence[edit]

Osumilite, was first discovered as grains in volcanic rocks near Osumi, Japan. It was confused with a similar mineral cordierite because of their similar coloring. It can be found in high-grade metamorphic rocks, xenoliths and in the groundmass of rhyolite and dacite.[2]

Osumilite is found in the Obsidian Cliffs, Oregon; Sardinia, Italy; Kagoshima and Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan; and the Eifel district in Germany.[2] Osumulite pseudomorphs are known from a number of ultrahigh-temperature rocks, including those of southern Madagascar

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mindat.org
  2. ^ a b c http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/osumilite.pdf Handbook of Mineralogy
  3. ^ a b Webmineral.com
  4. ^ Don S. Goldman, George R. Rossman (1978): The site distribution of iron and anomalous biaxiality in osumilite, In: American Mineralogist, 63, S. 490-498 ((PDF, 961 kB))
  5. ^ E. Olsen, T. E. Bunch (1970): Compositions Of Natural Osumilites, In: The American Mineralogiste, 55, S. 875 - 879 ((PDF, 328 kB))
  6. ^ http://www.galleries.com/minerals/silicate/osumilit/osumilit.htm Mineral Galleries