Otto Thott (October 13, 1703 – September 10, 1785), was a Danish Count, minister of state, bibliophile, and collector of books. He was one of the greatest private book collectors of his time in Denmark.
Early life and education
He was the son of Tage Thott (d. 1707) and Petra Sophie Reedtz. His father died before Otto had been reached the age of 4 years, and his mother moved, with him to Sorø, where he went to school. He also lost his mother before he was 17 years of age. Thott was left alone almost without any funds. He was supported by and he was able to continue his development at the way that the time was considered to be necessary for a young nobleman, namely by a trip abroad.
He lived for a time in Halle, where he studied the Jurisprudence, and also the history and philosophy. These studies he continued in the University of Jena and later during his stay in Holland, England and France. Besides, made the acquaintance with several scientists in the various towns where he stayed, and though his funds was probably limited, he earned himself valuable manuscripts and books.
After his return from the trip he obtained, in 1723, a secretary position in the Danish Chancellery, although he was only 20 years old. A significant step forward in his career was made on August 30, 1746, when he came to lead the Finance College as the 1st deputy, a post he held until the December 6, 1759. The year previously he had reached the highest statesmanship dignity on July 21, 1758, to join the "gehejmekonseillet".
Shortly after Frederick V's accession to the throne he had received the Order of the Dannebrog. On September 4, 1747, he received the title of Privy, and in 1752 the Dowager Queen Sophie Magdalene awarded him the order of "de l'union Parfait', and he occupied repeatedly for a long time a position as one of the Copenhagen Bank directors. In 1755-1758 he modernized Gavnø, turning it into a rococo palace.
Otto Thott acquired most of the library of Edward Harley (1689–1741) after the latter's death. The library of Otto Thott contained 138,000 volumes at his death in 1785. It was one of the largest private libraries of the 18th century in Danmark.
The Royal Danish Library in Copenhagen received 4,154 manuscripts and 6,159 early printed books, of which 1,500 were incunabula. Further, the library bought about 60,000 volumes at the auction sale.
- E. Holm Thott, Otto i 1. at the Dansk biografisk leksikon, p. 336
- E. Holm Thott, Otto i 1. at the Dansk biografisk leksikon, p. 338
- Private ownership marks
- Allen Kent, Encyclopedia of library and information science, Volume 42, New York 1987, p. 236
- According to Dansk biografisk leksikon, p. 341. more than 120,000 volumes, according to other sources more than 200,000 volumes.
- The European Library.
- E. Holm Thott, Otto i 1. at the Dansk biografisk leksikon, p. 342.
- E. Holm Thott, Otto i 1. at the Dansk biografisk leksikon, pp. 336–342.
- Catalogues of Otto Thott collection of books available at Google Books.
- Collectors' bindings
- Bibliotheca Thottiana: INDEX CODICUM MANUSCRIPTORUM • Introduction