Outlet (Antigua newspaper)

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Outlet
Cover of Outlet, Saint John's, Antigua and Barbuda newspaper.jpg
Cover of Outlet
Editor Tim Hector, James Knight
Founded 1968
Political alignment Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement
City Saint John's
Country Antigua and Barbuda
Circulation 5,000

Outlet was a radical newspaper published from Saint John's, Antigua and Barbuda.[1][2] Outlet was founded in 1968.[3] The newspaper was edited by Tim Hector and James Knight.[1][2][4] It functioned as a weekly organ of the Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement (ACLM).[5] For the ACLM the newspaper played a very important role.[6] In its heyday Outlet claimed a circulation of around 5,000 copies, thus being the most widely read newspaper on Antigua.[3][6] As of the early 1970s, Outlet and Standard (which appeared on irregular basis) were the sole opposition newspapers in the country.[7]

Outlet was outspoken against corruption in the country. It argued that the Vere Bird government was guilty of lax control of casino businesses, peddling passports to non-Antiguans, mismanaging foreign loans, and using Antigua and Barbuda to launder arms shipments to South Africa.[8] Due to its criticisms, Outlet was often targeted by the government.[9]

In June 1978 Antigua Printing and Publishing Company ceased to print Outlet. The company claimed that the decision was motivated by fears that Outlet risked a libel lawsuit.[9]

In 1982 Outlet was pressured by the government to apply for a surety bond, following fresh criticism of government corruption in its articles.[9] Then on 23 July 1982 around twenty police officers raided the Outlet office, seizing documents and mailing lists of subscribers.[10] The police claimed that the seized materials were secret government documents and that the publishers would be charged under the Official Secrets Act (it later turned out that the documents were publications of UNESCO and documents from Barbados about the Space Research Corporation).[4][10] The Commissioner of Police Edric Potter declared that publishing of Outlet would be banned as of 31 July 1982.[4][10] On 26 July 1982, a break-in at the office occurred, and equipment worth 8,000 East Caribbean dollars was stolen.[9][10] Copies of the 21 August 1982 issue of Outlet were seized by police.[9] These events prompted the newspaper to bring the government in front of High Court, charging it with trying to deny the newspaper its "constitutional right" to publish.[9] On 4 September 1982, the High Court ruled that Outlet was a legitimate newspaper with constitutional right to be published.[10]

In 1984 accusations of corruption and maladministration published by ACLM pressured the government to call fresh elections.[11] In May 1985 Hector was charged with spreading 'false statements' about the government and the Commissioner of Police.[11][12][13] In 1990 the Privy Council found the charges unconstitutional.[13]

The office the newspaper was targeted by arsonists, following a November 1998 article in Outlet charging the government with secretly having imported weaponry for half a million dollars.[14] The attack on Outlet would affect the campaigning ahead of the 1999 general election.[14]

As of the early 2000s, the newspaper was published on Tuesdays and Thursdays.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b South America, Central America and the Caribbean 2002 (10th ed.). Psychology Press. 2001. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-85743-121-6.
  2. ^ a b Harry Drost (1991). The World's news media: a comprehensive reference guide. Longman. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-582-08554-1.
  3. ^ a b Stuart H. Surlin; Walter C. Soderlund (1990). Mass Media and the Caribbean. Taylor & Francis. p. 105. ISBN 978-2-88124-447-6.
  4. ^ a b c Caribbean Monthly Bulletin, Vol. 16. Institute of Caribbean Studies, University of Puerto Rico. 1982. p. 26.
  5. ^ Taylor & Francis Group (10 July 2003). The Europa World Year Book 2003. Taylor & Francis. p. 500. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  6. ^ a b Charles D. Ameringer (1 January 1992). Political Parties of the Americas, 1980s to 1990s: Canada, Latin America, and the West Indies. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-313-27418-3.
  7. ^ Stuart H. Surlin; Walter C. Soderlund (1990). Mass Media and the Caribbean. Taylor & Francis. p. 108. ISBN 978-2-88124-447-6.
  8. ^ countrystudies.us. Government and Politics
  9. ^ a b c d e f Stuart H. Surlin; Walter C. Soderlund (1990). Mass Media and the Caribbean. Taylor & Francis. pp. 110–111. ISBN 978-2-88124-447-6.
  10. ^ a b c d e Intercontinental Press Combined with Inprecor. Intercontinental Press. 1982.
  11. ^ a b John Coggins; David Stephen Lewis (1992). Political parties of the Americas and the Caribbean: a reference guide. Longman. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-582-09646-2.
  12. ^ Fred Phillips (4 March 2013). Commonwealth Caribbean Constitutional Law. Routledge. pp. 111–112. ISBN 978-1-135-33805-3.
  13. ^ a b Derek Jones (2001). Censorship: a world encyclopedia. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-57958-135-0.
  14. ^ a b Douglas Wilton Payne (1999). The Failings of Governance in Antigua and Barbuda: The Elections of 1999. CSIS Americas Program. p. 34.
  15. ^ The Antigua and Barbuda Companion. Interlink Publishing Group, Incorporated. 1 January 2002. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-56656-477-9.

External links[edit]