Pachycereus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pachycereus
FH030008.jpg
Baja California, Mexico
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Echinocereeae
Genus: Pachycereus
(A.Berger) Britton & Rose
Type species
Pachycereus pringlei
Species

See text.

Pachycereus is a genus of 9–12 species of large cacti native to Mexico and just into southern Arizona, United States. They form large shrubs or small trees up to 15 m tall, with stout stems up to 1 m in diameter. Pachycereus comes from the ancient Greek παχύς (pachys) meaning "thick" and the Latin cereus meaning "torch".

Species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Pachycereus fulviceps (5753610505).jpg Pachycereus fulviceps (F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum.) D.R.Hunt Mexico
Pachycereus gatesii (M.E.Jones) D.R.Hunt Mexico (Baja California Sur)
Pachycereus gaumeri Britton & Rose Morelos, Puebla - Mexico
Pachycereus grandis Rose Mexico (México State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla)
Pachycereus hollianus (F.A.C.Weber ex J.M.Coult.) Buxb. Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
Pachycereus lepidanthus (Eichlam) Britton & Rose Guatemala; Honduras
Pachycereus militaris 0zz.jpg Pachycereus militaris (Audot) D.R.Hunt Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco and Michoacán states of México
Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum (5769176258).jpg Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum (Engelm. ex S.Watson) Britton & Rose Indian comb Mexico
Cardon in flower.jpg Pachycereus pringlei (S.Watson) Britton & Rose cardón cactus states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, and Sonora Mexico
Pachycereus tepamo Gama & S.Arias Mexico (Michoacán)
Pachycereus weberi (1).jpg Pachycereus weberi (J.M.Coult.) Backeb. Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla)

P. pringlei is the tallest cactus species in the world, with a maximum recorded height of 19.2 m.[1]

Synonymy

These genera have been brought into synonymy with Pachycereus, although this is not always maintained:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salak, M. (2000). In search of the tallest cactus. Cactus and Succulent Journal 72 (3).

External links[edit]