Papilio phorcas

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Apple-green swallowtail
Green-banded swallowtail (Papilio phorcas ruscoei).jpg
Green-banded swallowtail (Papilio phorcas ruscoei) underside.jpg
both Kakamega Forest, Kenya
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Tribe: Papilionini
Genus: Papilio
Species: P. phorcas
Binomial name
Papilio phorcas
Cramer, [1775][1]
Synonyms

Papilio phorcas, the apple-green swallowtail or green-banded swallowtail, is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. It is found in Africa.

The larvae feed on Teclea nobilis, Teclea simplicifolia, Macrostylis villosa, Oriciopsis, Vepris, Calodendrum, Clausena, Citrus, Fagara and Toddalia species.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Papilio phorcas is a member of the dardanus species group. The members of the clade are:

Subspecies[edit]

  • P. p. phorcas (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria)
  • P. p. ansorgei Rothschild, 1896 (Kenya (highland forest east of the Rift Valley))
  • P. p. congoanus Rothschild, 1896 (Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, northern Angola, Congo Republic, western Uganda, western Tanzania, northern Zambia)
  • P. p. nyikanus Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 (highland forest of north-eastern Zambia, Malawi and eastern Tanzania)
  • P. p. ruscoei Krüger, 1928 (eastern Uganda, Kenya (highlands west of the Rift Valley))
  • P. p. sudanicola Storace, 1965 (southern Sudan)
  • P. p. tenuifasciatus Kielland, 1990 (northern Tanzania, Kenya)
  • P. p. bardamu Canu, 1994 (Bioko Island)

Ecozone[edit]

Afrotropic ecozone.

References[edit]

  • Carcasson, R.H. 1960 "The Swallowtail Butterflies of East Africa (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae)". Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society pdf Key to East Africa members of the species group, diagnostic and other notes and figures. (Permission to host granted by The East Africa Natural History Society)
  • Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6. 
  • Storace, L.,1955 Su alcune Papilionidae Africane, con descrizioni di nuove forme (Lepidoptera, Diurna). Memorie della Societa Entomologica Italiana 33:120-137.

External links[edit]