Red bush squirrel

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Red bush squirrel
Hörnchen 2.jpg
Nominate race in Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Genus: Paraxerus
Species:
P. palliatus
Binomial name
Paraxerus palliatus
(Peters, 1852)
Subspecies
  • P. p. palliatus
  • P. p. bridgemani
  • P. p. frerei
  • P. p. ornatus
  • P. p. sponsus
  • P. p. swynnertoni
  • P. p. tanae[2]

The red bush squirrel or red-bellied coast squirrel (Paraxerus palliatus) is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae, which is found in bush and forest along the eastern seaboard of Africa. It is closely related to P. lucifer, P. vexillarius and P. (p.) vincenti.[3]

Range and habitat[edit]

It is native to Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

Races[edit]

Subspecies P. p. ornatus of oNgoye forest, South Africa

The southern-most subspecies, P. p. ornatus, is endemic to oNgoye Forest in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.[4] P. p. swynnertoni is endemic to Chirinda Forest in eastern Zimbabwe,[5] and P. (p.) vincenti at Mount Namuli is sometimes deemed a full species.[6] The species is smaller (and weighs less) with more rufous pelage in dry forest, and larger and darker in moist forest.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grubb, P. (2008). "Paraxerus palliatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  2. ^ Thorington, R.W., Jr.; Hoffmann, R.S. (2005). "Family Sciuridae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference (3rd ed.). The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 754–818. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. OCLC 26158608.
  3. ^ a b Kingdon, Jonathan; Happold, David; Butynski, Thomas; Hoffmann, Michael; Happold, Meredith; Kalina, Jan (2013). Mammals of Africa. 3. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 84. ISBN 9781408189962.
  4. ^ Mills, Gus; Hes, Lex (1997). The complete book of southern African mammals (1. ed.). Cape Town: Struik Publishers. p. 131. ISBN 9780947430559.
  5. ^ Timberlake, Jonathan (6 November 2002). "The Biodiversity and Ecology of Chirinda Forest" (PDF). BFA SEMINAR SERIES NO. 17. Bulawayo Club. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  6. ^ Kingdon, J.; et al. (2013). Mammals of Africa. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 88. ISBN 1408189968.