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Parish granaries (Swedish: sockenmagasin, Finnish: pitäjänmakasiini) were communal granaries established in Sweden and Finland during the 18th and 19th century. They were built for storing grains in case of poor harvest or crop failure. Farmers could borrow seeds at low rates of interest and the possible profit was used for the poor.
First parish granaries were constructed early 18th century. In 1756 the Swedish Riksdag enacted a law for establishing a granary in every parish. They were usually built of stone and often located by the churchyard. The wooden granaries had double walls for preventing theft. Many preserved ones serve today as museums, art galleries or summer cafés.
- Janken Myrdal, Mats Morell: "The Agrarian History of Sweden: From 4000 BC to AD 2000", page 162. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Svensk Uppslagsbok (in Swedish). Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Media related to Parish granaries in Sweden at Wikimedia Commons
- Media related to Parish granaries in Finland at Wikimedia Commons
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