Parjok

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Pajok
Town
Pajok is located in South Sudan
Pajok
Pajok
Location in South Sudan
Location on Map is approximate
Coordinates: 3°52′20″N 32°28′45″E / 3.872352°N 32.479169°E / 3.872352; 32.479169Coordinates: 3°52′20″N 32°28′45″E / 3.872352°N 32.479169°E / 3.872352; 32.479169
Country  South Sudan
State Eastern Equatoria State
County Magwi County
Payam Pajok Payam
State Representative Payam Member of Parliament (MP)
Government
 • State Member of Parliament John Ochan Bongomin Nono (SPLM)
Population (January 2012)
 • Total 49,000
Area code(s) +211

Pajok (also Parjok, Parajok) is a community in Eastern Equatoria state of South Sudan. It is in the southern part of Magwi County, 39 kilometres (24 mi) south of Magwi, near the border with Uganda.[1]

The main ethnic group are the Acholi people, who live on both sides of the border between South Sudan and Uganda in this region, divided by an arbitrary boundary defined by the Colonial British in 1926. The soil is volcanic in origin and rich.[2] The town has a small gazetted forest reserve of 23 hectares (57 acres).[3]

During the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-2005), the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) captured Pajok from the government. The SPLA was weakened by internal dissension, and Pajok was among the towns recaptured by the government between 1991 and 1994. However, by December 1995 the SPLA had regained the town.[4] In 1995 Sudan and Uganda broke off diplomatic relations. The next year the Sudanese Government accused Uganda of attacking the areas of Pajok and Teit.[5]

The civil war ended in January 2005 and reconstruction began. The Lord's Resistance Army continued activity in and around the area, attacking the impoverished refugees in camps in north Uganda and South Sudan, including Pajok. A report of September 2005 said that refugees were starting to return, with 1,000 out of a population of 5,000 in Pajok targeted for assistance. Work was planned to reconstruct a primary health care unit in the town.[6] In November 2008 UNICEF, in partnership with MEDAIR, handed over an emergency water treatment system to Pajok. The system was built in response to a cholera epidemic, and was capable of serving 2,000 people.[7]

A 2010 report noted that lack of adequate roads is a serious problem. The people of Pajok got a bumper harvest of sesame in 2008 but could not sell it due to the cost of transport. As a result, they did not grow much sesame in the following year.[8]

Notable Pajok People

1. Hon. Benaiah Benjamin Kitara, Chairperson of Revenue Authority, Eastern Equatoria State [9]

2. Hon. Angela Achiro Onorio, Women representative in State Legislative Assembly

3. Hon. Tobias Xavier Lotto [10]

4. Hon. John Ochan Bongomin; MP-Pajok Payam, Magwi County and State Minister of Cabinet and Parliamentary Affairs Eastern Equatoria State [11]

Associations

Pajok Community members are found in all the States of South Sudan and in the diaspora such as North America, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and some few in Asia. Wherever they are, Community members have strong ties with Pajok Communities across the world. They are organized into groups that serve the interests of the groups` areas of jurisdictions, those residing in Pajok and beyond. Some of those groups are Agola Kapuk Association of North America (U.S.A. and Canada), Agola Kapuk Australia Inc. and Anyira Pajok Community of South Australia whose aims include; supporting members during happy and difficult times, helping the youths to learn how to read and write Acholi, encouraging members to adapt to the laws, regulations and cultures of respective jurisdictions, promotion of the general welfare, interests and culture of Acholi Pajok women in South Australia, strengthening communication and cooperation within community in addressing Acholi Pajok women’s and children`s issues and needs and presenting a united voice on matters affecting Acholi Pajok women and children in Australia.

In Australia, the community meets in conferences after every two years to discuss matters that are of importance to it in Australia and its people in South Sudan and its members in North America. It used to meet after every year but this was changed to two years in the Sydney 2011 conference. Apart from discussing pertinent issues in those conferences, the members find the gatherings to be an opportunity for them to meet with one another given the fact that Australia is a very large continent where people do not easily meet with each other. In 2007, the community held its first conference in Sydney; NSW, in 2009, it had it in Tasmania, in 2010, it was in Brisbane; Qld, in 2011, it was held in Sydney; NSW again and in 2013, it had it in Perth WA, in 2015, it had it in Melbourne, Victoria and in 2017, it is having its conference in Adelaide, South Australia. All these Conferences are funded by Agola Kapuk Community contributions and occasionally some additional funding by respective Australia` State Governments. Agola Kapuk North America has successfully had its first Conference in Nashville, Tennessee in 2016. There is always After-Conference Party where people from all works of life are invited to attend and or participate in. Activities that take place in the After-Conference Party are Acholi Traditional and Contemporary music, African and Western Music extravaganza, free drinks and foods, catching up with mates, speeches from community and Church leaders, games and lots of fun.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Southern Sudan and Transitional Areas" (PDF). United Nations Mission In Sudan. 23 Feb – 1 Mar 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  2. ^ "The history of Kitgum". Kitgum District. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  3. ^ "SOUTHERN SUDAN ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES ASSESSMENT" (PDF). USAID. September 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  4. ^ Mawut Achiecque Mach Guarak (2011). Integration and Fragmentation of the Sudan: An African Renaissance. AuthorHouse. pp. 228, 535. ISBN 1-4567-2355-3. 
  5. ^ "Sudan Denies Bombing Ugandan Border Town" (PDF). ReliefWeb. 15 Feb 1997. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  6. ^ "Assistance to Spontaneous Returnees AFSD-51 Rev. 1" (PDF). ACT Alliance. 1 September 2005. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  7. ^ "Weekly Bulletin - Humanitarian Action in Southern Sudan - Week 47, 23 – 30 November 2008". United Nations. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  8. ^ "A Multi-donor Evaluation of Support to Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities in Southern Sudan 2005–2010" (PDF). Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. December 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  9. ^ "E. Equatoria governor appoints commissioners, administrator". Sudan Tribune. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-25. 
  10. ^ "Results of Elections 2010" (PDF). National Election Commission - Republic of Sudan. April 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  11. ^ "Governor Louis Lobong reshuffles his cabinet". The New Nation. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 
  12. ^ "Anyira Pajok Community of South Australia". Multicultural Communities Council of South Australia. 2009. Retrieved 2012-11-28.