Jump to content

Pascal Olivier Count de Negroni

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pascal-Olivier de Negroni
Born4 April 1829
Castello di San Colombano, Corsica
Died22 October 1913(1913-10-22) (aged 84)
Alençon, France
Service/branchFrench Army
Years of service1847–1891
RankBrigadier General
Commands held2ème Brigade de Cuirassiers (1884)
AwardsOfficer of the Legion of Honor
Commander of the Legion of Honor

Pascal-Olivier de Negroni de Cardi, Comte de Negroni (4 April 1829 – 22 October 1913) was a French general. He led the charge of Cuirassiers in the Battle of Reichshoffen during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870.


Negroni was born in the Castle of San Colombano, also known as the Castello di San Colombano in Rogliano a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. He joined the French Army when he was 18 years old. On 6 August 1870, he led the legendary charge of cuirassiers (mounted cavalry soldiers) in the second Battle of Reichshoffen (also known as "The Battle of Wörth") during the opening stages of the Franco Prussian War of 1870. Negroni was decorated on 20 August 1870 with Officer of the Legion of Honor.[1]

On 27 December 1884, he was promoted to Brigadier General of the Second Brigade of Cuirassiers[2] and on 4 May 1889 he was named Commander of the Legion of Honor.[1]

He served in the military until 1891, retiring after 44 years of military service.[3]

In addition to his military accomplishments, Pascal Olivier has been credited with inventing the famous "Negroni Cocktail" (equal parts of Campari, Gin, and Sweet Vermouth, served in a short glass over ice and garnished with an orange wedge).[4] Experts consider Camillo Negroni the inventor.[5] However, Colonel Hector Andres Negroni and his brother Noel Xavier Negroni, members of the Negroni family recently[when?] researched the family archives and discovered there never was a Count Camillo Negroni. According to family documents, the true inventor of the "Negroni Cocktail" is Pascal Olivier de Negroni de Cardi, Comte de Negroni, their fourth cousin.[6] Although both prevailing theories are impossible as one states he invented the drink prior to the invention of Campari, an ingredient, and the other states he invented it in 1914, the year after Negroni's death.[7][8]

Military decoration[edit]

Negroni was awarded the Officier of the French Légion d'honneur.[2]


  1. ^ a b France (1889). Bulletin des lois de la République française, Partie Supplémentaire. Tome XXXVIII. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale. p. 965.
  2. ^ a b France, Ministère de la guerre, France Armée (March 1886). Annuaire officiel de l'armee francaise. Paris: Berger-Levrault et Cie, Libraires-Éditeurs. pp. 22, 51.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "The Negroni family" - genealogical, demographic, and nobiliary study from its 11th-century origins to its 20th-century branches in Italy, France, and Puerto Rico; by Héctor Andrés Negroni; Published in 1998, H.A. Negroni (Madison, AL); LCCN: 98119631, Dewey: 929/.2, LC: CS71.N386 1998
  4. ^ "How to Booze: Exquisite Cocktails and Unsound Advice", Jordan Kaye (Author), Marshall Altier Marshall Altier (Author), Page 13, Publisher: Harper Paperbacks (18 May 2010), ISBN 0-06-196330-5, ISBN 978-0-06-196330-8
  5. ^ "Libri Cultura popolare | IBS".
  6. ^ The Negroni – La Dolce Vita in a Glass! Archived 2014-03-19 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Mark Hayward's City Matters: Negroni family lays claim to namesake cocktail | New Hampshire". 4 March 2016. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2024.
  8. ^ "The newspaper article, "Corse Matin, 1980", Pascal". 8 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2024.