Pasym

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Pasym
City Hall
City Hall
Coat of arms of Pasym
Coat of arms
Pasym is located in Poland
Pasym
Pasym
Coordinates: 53°38′52″N 20°47′27″E / 53.64778°N 20.79083°E / 53.64778; 20.79083
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Szczytno
Gmina Pasym
Area
 • Total 15.18 km2 (5.86 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,550
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Postal code 12-130

Pasym [ˈpasɨm] (German: Passenheim) is a small town in Szczytno County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, with 2,522 inhabitants (2004).

History[edit]

A small settlement named Heinrichswalde was first mentioned in 1381. In 1386 this settlement was renamed Passenheim after the Teutonic Knight Heinrich Walpot von Passenheim from modern Bassenheim near Koblenz.[1]

The town was destroyed by the Polish Tatar raids in 1656, which has been described by Christoph Hartknoch (1644–1687).[1]

Before 1945 the area was part of the German province of East Prussia. In the East Prussian plebiscite of 1920, which was largely boycotted by ethnic Poles, the inhabitants voted to remain in Germany.[2] After World War II the region was placed under Polish administration by the Potsdam Agreement under territorial changes demanded by the Soviet Union. Most Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles expelled from the Polish territories annexed by the Soviet Union or Ukrainians forced to settle in the area through Operation Vistula in 1947.

Pre-war architecture is still visible in some parts of the city

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Pasym is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kossert, Andreas (2001). Masuren, Ostpreußens vergessener Süden. pp. 37ff. ISBN 3-570-55006-0. 
  2. ^ Passenheim
  3. ^ Bassenheim.de

Coordinates: 53°38′52″N 20°47′27″E / 53.64778°N 20.79083°E / 53.64778; 20.79083