Patagonian Batholith

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Geology of the Andes
The Andes
Pampean orogeny
Famatinian orogeny
Gondwanide orogeny
Andean orogeny
Fold-thrust belts

Central Andean | Patagonian

Peruvian Coastal | North Patagonian | South Patagonian
Subducted structures

Antarctic Plate | Carnegie Ridge | Chile Rise | Farallon Plate (formerly) | Juan Fernández Ridge | Nazca Plate | Nazca Ridge


Gastre | Liquiñe-Ofqui | Magallanes-Fagnano

Andean Volcanic Belt

Northern Zone| Peruvian flat-slab | Central Zone | Pampean flat-slab | Southern Zone | Patagonian Gap | Austral Zone

Paleogeographic terminology

Arequipa–Antofalla Craton | Chilenia | Chiloé Block | Cuyania | Iapetus Ocean | Madre de Dios Terrane | Mejillonia | Pampia

The Patagonian batholith is a series of igneous plutons in the Patagonian Andes. The batholith extendes from Navarino Island at 55 °S to the Lonquimay area at 39 °S. It is made of granite, granodiorite and tonalite. The Patagonian Batholith is not uniform and is considered to be composed of two large batholiths:

  • The Northern Patagonian Batholith (Spanish: Batolito Nor-Patagónico) are a series of plutons of granodioritic, tonalitic and dioritic composition located in the southern Andes. The plutons of the North Patagonian Batholith are of Cretaceous to Miocene age (135 Ma to 25-15 Ma). Late Miocene to early Pliocene (10 t0 5 Ma) leucogranites were also intruded. The Tertiary intrusions are centered on the strike-slip Liquine-Ofqui fault zone and include some gabbro bodies.[1] The region was deeply eroded during the Quaternary glaciation.
  • The Southern Patagonian Batholith and the Fuegian batholith extend from 47 to 55 °S and include mafic (gabbro) to felsic (granite) bodies. Age of intrusion ranges from 151 to 16 Ma.[2]


  1. ^ Pankhurst, R. J.; Weaver, S.D.; Hervé, F.; Larrondo, P.; et al. (1999). abstract "Mesozoic-Cenozoic evolution of the North Patagonian Batholith in Aysen, southern Chile" Check |url= value (help). Journal of the Geological Society 156 (4): 673–694. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.156.4.0673. 
  2. ^ Moreno, Teresa and Wes Gibbons, The geology of Chile, Geological Society of London, 2007, p. 142, ISBN 978-1-86239-220-5