Paul Augustin Jean Larrouy

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Paul Augustin Jean Larrouy was a French diplomat born in Lagardelle-sur-Leze in France on the 1 January 1857[1] and who died in Buenos Aires in 1906. Notably he has been Résident Général in second in Madagascar from March 1888 until the 12 December 1889, and in his second term Résident Général in Madagascar from October 1892 until 1894.[2]

Action in Madagascar[edit]

Paul Augustin Jean Larrouy’s role during his second stay in Madagascar as General Resident was to maintain the French Authority without losing face in front of a non abiding Malagasy power supported by England. The Malagasy government was confronted to a Menalamba revolt against the agreements signed with France in 1885 by the queen Ranavalona III. He leaves Tananarive at his request in 1894, and is succeeded by Charles Le Myre de Vilers. After the stay of the later, France decides a complete annexation of Madagascar in 1896 and call General Joseph Gallieni as Resident and First Madagascar governor


After graduating with a Law degree (doctorat de Droit) Paul Augustin Jean Larrouy has had a very rich diplomatic career started in 1873 as chancery clerk in Buenos Aires and finished in Buenos Aires as Ambassador and Plenipotentiary Minister. He climbed the ladder following his various assignments in South America, in Europe, in Asia, and in Africa. He is sent in Japan (Yokohama) in 1882 and is secretary to the International conference for revision of Treaties with Japan.[3]

In Africa he performed several missions related to the French Colonial expansion: In Sub-Saharan Africa, (Envoy of the French Government to the conference related to the delimitation of French and English spheres of influence in the Niger region in February 1896[4]), and in Madagascar, starting 17 August 1887 as a Résident Général in second then from 19 August 1892 as Résident Général[1] in Tananarive to the Queen Ranavalona III.

While in Argentina as Extraordinary envoy and plenipotentiary minister in his last rotation, he met Jean-Baptiste Charcot[5] who was preparing his expedition to Antarctica between 1903 and 1905. He became one of the sponsor of the expedition. Charcot gave his name to Larrouy Island a newly found island located 65°52′S et 65°15′W7 .

From Until Where What
12 December 1873 1875 Buenos Aires Argentina Chancery clerk
15 October 1875 Leipzig Germany Chancery Manager
14 September 1876 Leipzig Germany 3rd class Chancellor
17 July 1880 Odessa Russia Chancellor (non resident)
12 August 1880 Yokohama Japan 2nd class Chancellor
15 January 1882 1 August 1882 Yokohama Japan Secretary to the International conference for the revision to the treaties with Japan
15 June 1883 Caracas Venezuela 1st class Chancellor (non resident)
17 August 1887 1889 Madagascar Résident Général Adjoint
18 April 1889 1891 Messina Italy Consul
12 January 1891 1892 Dublin Ireland Consul
19 August 1892 1895 Tananarive Madagascar General Resident
1 February 1896 Representative of the French government to the conference related on the limit of the French and English spheres of influence in the Niger region
1900 1902 Lima Peru Ambassador
June 1903 July 1904 Madrid – Paris President of the French Delegation to the international commission for the French-Pyrenean railways and delegate of foreign affairs to the French-Spanish evaluation commission of projects for railways through the Pyrenees
31 December 1904 1906 Buenos Aires Argentina Extraordinary envoy and plenipotentiary minister


  1. ^ a b File for the title Officer of the French Legion d'Honneur on the database Leonore
  2. ^ web site of French foreign affairs : Topic Madagascar
  3. ^ Annuaire diplomatique et consulaire de la République Française, Volume 1896
  4. ^ Revue politique et parlementaire Volume 10, A. Colin 1896
  5. ^ Journal de l’expédition Antarctique française, 1903-1905, Le "Francais" au Pole Sud

External links[edit]

  • Leonore data base of the French Légion d'honneur [1]
  • web site of French foreign affairs : Topic Madagascar [2]
  • Annuaire diplomatique et consulaire de la République Française, Volume 1896 [3]