Paul Wilkins Kendall
|Paul Wilkins Kendall|
|Born||July 17, 1898
Baldwin City, Kansas, United States
|Died||October 3, 1983 (aged 85)
Palo Alto, California, United States
|Buried at||West Point Cemetery, West Point, New York|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1918–1955|
|Commands held||88th Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division
Allied Land Forces Southeastern Europe
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star (3)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star (2)
Early life and military career
Kendall was born on July 17, 1898 in Baldwin City, Kansas and raised in Sheridan, Wyoming. In 1916, during World War I (although the American entry into World War I did not occur until April 1917) he attained an appointment to the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, from which he graduated in November 1918, receiving his commission as a second lieutenant into the Infantry Branch of the United States Army. By the time he graduated the war had come to an end with the signing of the Armistice with Germany.
After completing his training he was assigned to the 27th Infantry Regiment during the Siberian Campaign. Kendall participated in an action on January 10, 1920, for which he received the Distinguished Service Cross.
Kendall carried out a variety of assignments in the 1920s and '30s, including a posting to Fort Logan, Colorado with the 38th Infantry Regiment in 1923 and instructor assignments at the United States Military Academy and Northwestern Military and Naval Academy. Kendall also performed duty in China, Hawaii and the Philippines.
World War II
At the start of World War II Kendall was assigned as Chief of Staff of the 85th Infantry Division. He then served as Assistant Division Commander of the 84th Infantry Division, receiving promotion to Brigadier General.
From September 1944 to July 1945 Kendall was commander of the "Blue Devils" of the 88th Infantry Division, receiving promotion to Major General. The division’s second World War II commander, he led it during its assault through Italy, including the capture of Vicenza and Verona.
Post World War II
In June 1952 Kendall became commander of I Corps, receiving promotion to Lieutenant General. He led the Corps as it manned a defensive line until the end of 1952. In January 1953 the corps took part in an offensive, with troops of the 1st Republic of Korea (ROK) Division attacking the enemy at Big Nori. Beginning in March, the North Koreans and Chinese continually attacked I Corps positions, and I Corps began a phased withdrawal that resulted in numerous enemy casualties. Kendall turned command of I Corps over to Bruce C. Clarke in April 1953.
General Kendall was married to Ruth Child Pistole (November 10, 1900 – January 29, 1985). They had two daughters, Jean and Elizabeth. Jean was the wife of Navy Officer Neal D. Baumgardner and Elizabeth was the wife of Army officer Raymond O. Miller.
Retirement and Death
Citation for Distinguished Service Cross
The official U.S. Army citation for Kendall's Distinguished Service Cross reads:
- General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 35 (1920)
- Action Date: January 10, 1920
- Name: Paul Wilkins Kendall
- Service: Army
- Rank: Second Lieutenant
- Regiment: 27th Infantry
- Division: American Expeditionary Forces (Siberia)
- Citation: The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Second Lieutenant (Infantry) Paul W. Kendall, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism while serving with 27th Infantry, 33d Division, A.E.F. (Siberia), in action at Posolskaya, Siberia, 10 January 1920. Lieutenant Kendall was in command of a detachment of his company when attacked by an armored train at 1 a.m. The detachment under his leadership and inspired by his example attacked and disabled the armored train and caused its surrender.
Here is his ribbon bar:
- U.S. Army Adjutant General, Official Army Register, Volume 1, 1946, page 374
- Steve Cole, History of the 88th 'Blue Devil' Division, retrieved November 20, 2013
- "memorial, Paul W. Kendall". apps.westpointaog.org/. West Point, NY: West Point Association of Graduates. 1984.
- Paul Wilkins Kendall at Find a Grave
- "Valor awards for Paul Wilkins Kendall - Hall of Valor". militarytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S Military Aacdemy, by George Washington Cullum, 1920, Volume VI B, page 2052
- Russian Sideshow: America's Undeclared War, 1918–1920, by Robert L. Willett, 2003
- U.S. Army Recruiting News, published by the U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1923
- Annual Report of the Superintendent, United States Military Academy, 1925, page 27
- Official Army List and Directory, published by the U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1931
- Official Army List and Directory, published by the U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1941
- Draftee Division: the 88th Infantry Division in World War II, by John Sloan Brown, 1986
- Blue Devils, the 88th Infantry Division and Mt. Mestas Research Web Site
- Combat Chronicle, 2nd Infantry Division, United States Army Center of Military History
- The Korean War: a Historical Dictionary, by Paul M. Edwards, 2003 page 297
- Newspaper article, Gen. Kendall Sent to Frankfort, New York Times, March 9, 1948
- Official Army List and Directory, published by the U.S. Army Adjutant General, Volume 1, 1949
- Newspaper article, Gen. Kendall Takes Over 1st Corps in Korea, Chicago Tribune, June 30, 1952
- Official Army List and Directory, published by the U.S. Army Adjutant General, Volume 1, 1954
- Newspaper article, Kendall Commands, Hartford Courant, January 9, 1954
- Newspaper article, Gen. Kendall Promoted, Hartford Courant, September 19, 1952
- Newspaper article, Allied Land Forces Commander Named, Modesto Bee, July 5, 1955
- Military News in San Francisco Daily Newspapers, by Robert Walter Gibson, 1956, page 28
- Register of graduates and former cadets of the United States Military Academy, published by U.S.M.A. Alumni Association, 1971, page 354
- Military Times, Hall of Heroes, Distinguished Service Cross Citation, Paul W. Kendall
John E. Sloan
|Commanding General 88th Infantry Division
James C. Fry