Paulin Soumanou Vieyra (31 January 1925 – 4 November 1987) was a Beninese/Senegalese film director and historian. As he lived in Senegal after the age of 10, he is more associated with that nation. In 1955 in Paris he shot the first Francophone African film, Afrique sur Seine. His other important achievements for film in Africa include founding the "Fédération panafricaine des cinéastes" in 1969. In 1961 he married poet Myriam Warner of Guadeloupe. One of his sisters is Justine Vieyra, born in Parakou.