|Born||Pavel Borisovich Luspekayev
20 April 1927
|Died||17 April 1970
|Alma mater||Mikhail Shchepkin Higher Theatre School|
Pavel Borisovich Luspekayev (Russian: Па́вел Бори́сович Луспека́ев) (20 April 1927, Luhansk — 17 April 1970, Moscow) was a Soviet actor who is best known for his role of Vereschagin in the classic Russian movie White Sun of the Desert. Laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation (1997, posthumously).
Pavel Luspekayev was born in Luhansk, Ukrainian SSR in 1927. His father Bogdasar Luspekyan was an Armenian butcher from a village near Nakhichevan-on-Don (Russian city founded by Armenian settlers). His mother Seraphima Kovaleva came from Don Cossacks. He was 14 when the Great Patriotic War started in 1941. Young Pavel joined the Soviet partisans unit where he was later wounded. In 1946, after the end of the war, Luspekayev became student in the Moscow's Schepkin theatre school. After finishing the school in 1950 he performed in Tbilisi's Griboedov Russian Drama Theatre, in 1956 in Kiev's Lesya Ukrainka National Academic Theater of Russian Drama. In 1959 he joined Leningrad's Bolshoi Drama Theatre where he performed in plays under director Georgy Tovstonogov. In 1965 Luspekayev was awarded the title of Meritorious Artist (Zasluzhenny aktyor) of RSFSR.
Due to his wound, Luspekayev developed peripheral vascular disease in his legs when he was 26. The illness progressed, and later his feet were amputated. Nevertheless, he continued to perform on prosthesis, even though he was suffering from pain. During filming of White Sun of the Desert in 1969, Luspekayev's condition worsened, and he could barely walk. His wife was carrying a small folding chair, and Luspekayev had to take a rest every 20 steps. In the original script, the role of Vereschagin was a minor one, but during filming, the role began to expand, with some of the scenes being improvised in place. The connection between the actor and the role he was playing became so strong, that the crew began to call Vereschagin by name Pavel (Pasha), even though in the script his name was Alexander.
Shortly after the White Sun of the Desert was released, Pavel Luspekayev died because of his illness. He was buried in the Northern Cemetery of Saint Petersburg.
He was married to a BDT actress Inna Kirillova. They had one daughter and two grandchildren.
- Secret of two oceans (Тайна двух океанов) 1956
- Baltic Sky (Балтийское небо) 1961
- Going Inside a Storm (Иду на грозу) 1965
- Three Fat Men (Три толстяка) 1966
- The Republic of ShKID (Республика ШКИД) 1966
- White Sun of the Desert (Белое солнце пустыни) 1969