He was a clandestine priest and bishop (since January 2, 1951). He consecrated Ján Chryzostom Korec. In 1952 he fled from Slovakia and studied and worked mainly in Rome. He held the title of Titular Bishop of Rusadus, but never held an official post for the Church after his emigration to Italy.
Banco Ambrosiano scandal
In 1992, Bishop Hnilica was charged with receiving stolen documents in connection with the Banco Ambrosiano scandal of the 1980s. He was convicted in 1993 of money laundering after he paid $2.8 million in an attempt to obtain evidence that would allegedly clear officials of the "Vatican bank", the Institute for Works of Religion, of blame in the affair.
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