Payday loans in Australia
The growth of this market mirrors the growth in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Because the market for small loans is becoming more defined, the regulatory authorities and the larger financial organizations are beginning to take a much closer interest.
Most fringe lending is now covered by the Uniform Consumer Credit Code (UCCC); but, in the past this industry was not very highly regulated, and some lenders still continue to use loopholes to avoid the UCCC. A report from 4 Corners found that some lenders utilise bait and switch methods to circumvent laws regarding establishment fees and interest. Payday lenders have also come under fire due to accusations of predatory lending and charging excessively high interest rates.
For payday loan amounts up to $2,000, Australia has a fee cap of 24% per $100 borrowed, made up of a 20% establishment fee and a 4% monthly fee. 
Enforcement action by ASIC
In 2016, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) targeted lenders who offered payday loans to the Australian public. 
The lenders that faced enforcement action as a result of ASIC's crack down include Fair Go Finance, Nimble (previously Cash Doctors), and Cash Converters. The infringements specified ranged from overcharging on interest and establishment fees to not adequately assessing their customers financial circumstances.
In May 2018 Cash Converters was again fined by ASIC for poor debt collection practices.
In 2017 the Australian Federal Government announced that it was drafting new legislation designed to protect vulnerable Australians for payday loans, consumer leases and similar products. The legislation was based on a 24 recommendations submitted by a government review on small amount credit contract law.
However in May 2018, after the legislation was still not passed, the Government was accused by the Opposition of shelving the proposals following pressure from industry lobbyists. 
- Eyers, James. "Payday lenders on notice that ASIC ready to take action". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- The Uniform Consumer Credit Code, Australia
- Long, Stephen; Richards, Deborah. "Game of Loans". 4Corners. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Green, Shane. "Disadvantaged caught in the lender trap". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- Payday loan fee caps
- "Payday Lenders Australia: What To Know About Small Loans | Canstar". Canstar. 2016-11-05. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
- "16-027MR Payday lender penalised for overcharging consumers". Australian Securities & Investments Commission. 2016-02-09.
- "Payday lender Nimble to refund $1.5 million following ASIC probe". Australian Securities & Investments Commissions. 2016-03-23.
- "Cash Converters to pay over $12M following ASIC probe". Australian Securities & Investment Commission.
- Commission, c=au;o=Australian Government;ou=Australian Government Australian Securities and Investments. "18-149MR Cash Converters pays $650,000 due to poor debt collection practices". asic.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
- "New limits for payday loans and consumer leases". RateCity.com.au. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
- ou=Treasury, c=AU; o=Commonwealth of Australia. "Review of the small amount credit contract laws". consumercredit.treasury.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
- Han, Esther (2016-11-28). "Consumers win and payday lenders lose in federal government's response to SACC laws inquiry". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
- Knaus, Christopher (2018-05-30). "Coalition accused of shelving plans for payday lending crackdown". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-06-07.